Saturday , June 25 2022

Challenge in the new diagnosis before the World Day in & # 39; Response to HIV



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It is estimated that 10% of people with HIV in & # 39; Paris Rico do not know they have the condition.

The most recent statistics from the Department of Health indicates that on the island there are 18 200 people who have this condition and that two out of every three people living with HIV are 45 years or older. Although the transmission is greater than men who have sex with men, one in three living with HIV on the island are heterosexual.

"The biggest challenge is the link & # 39; & # 39 new diagnosis; HIV. Some are in treatment or not change immediately (after diagnosis). That link must be made on or before 30 days after diagnosis"Yomary said Reyes, planning analyst for the Ryan White Program, Part B / Adap, Health.

B & # 39; federal funds, the Ryan White program provides treatment and support for people living with HIV through & # 39; 55 provider in eight clinical centers of government and 330.

According to the Center for the Control and Prevention of Disease, person b & # 39; & # 39 by HIV, viral load suppressed or can not be controlled has the condition under control.

Today, on World Day & # 39; HIV response is commemorated, El Nuevo Dia shares stories & # 39; brave survivors offered their testimony.

Joey Pons: embrace activism

Joey Pons.
(Vanessa Serra Diaz)

His diagnosis & # 39; HIV came 31 years ago and, since then, Joey Pons urged activism as a way to help him assume his condition. In 1990, together with & # 39; Moisés Agosto, published "Poemas de Logica inmunológico", a book of poetry that deals with several aspects of HIV. In addition, he was part of ACT UP, non-profit organization & # 39; profit founded by Larry Kramer.

"The activism has been a constant in my life. helped me a lot"Said Pons, 51 years. Given the religjuzità taken its treatment, Pons stresses that it keep HIV under control.

"There are side effects, but it does not affect me as much as losing life or have quality & # 39; poor life," he said, stressing that his viral load can not be detected and it takes only one medication daily.

"The most terrible thing is the stigma related to & # 39; the HIV prevents many are tested. During this period, the epidemic will not end"He complained, and highlighted the support received from both his family and both of his partner.

Rosa Rivera: it has control

Rosa Rivera.
(Vanessa Serra Diaz)

After non-consensual sexual relationship "Crunch" invaded the body & # 39; Rosa Rivera Avilés. It was while in plug this woman & # 39; 56 years was in line with the HIV diagnosis had received a few months before, back in 1997. She even decided to identify the virus entered her body without an invitation, "Crunch"

"I realized it was too small to kill myself"He said, while remembering that one of its initial concerns had to leave his two children children.

With proper treatment, Rivera Aviles faces not only got his diagnosis, but in the last 21 years he also fought for the rights of people with HIV. One of the most recent initiatives where work is to encourage more people to know their diagnosis and starting treatment.

"With international campaign "Day & # 39; Leaving cupboard & # 39; HIV", which is celebrated on 30 & # 39; in November, we follow people tested and stop hiding diagnosis ."Said the retired social worker.

Anselmo Fonseca: say no to discrimination

Anselmo Fonseca.
(Vanessa Serra Diaz)

Initially, Anselmo Fonseca came in process & # 39; denial, after recognizing that it was then he did test positive for HIV. At the age of & # 39; four, in 1995, he moved from Florida to Puerto Rico and, along with & # 39; his mother, was tested for HIV to assume his diagnosis.

For 1996, together with the well-known activist José Fernando Colón, decided to start a "famous cocktails", as he was known to HIV treatment because of the number of & # 39; a patient pills & # 39; this condition should take a day, more than ten.

"Before, stigma and discrimination were b & # 39; very healthy. I looked skinny and it was evident that we were sick. The refusal was immediate. Future generations lived it, although in & # 39; & # 39 institutions in, some health professionals still stigmatized. For example, dental service has always been a problem"Said Fonseca, 56, who highlighted the support of his family and then a colleague, Colón, leader of patients with AIDS Pro Politica Sana until his death five years ago.

Lorangelis Thomas: bet on youth

Lorangelis Thomas.
(Vanessa Serra Diaz)

Lorangelis Thomas was born with HIV 30 years ago with vertical transmission (from mother to child). He used to take 13 medication to keep his condition at bay but, after the death of & # 39; his mother, he interrupted his treatment for some time. Currently, taking three medications daily.

"Childhood experiences I & # 39; rejection and discrimination, but in adulthood I was able nimmaniġġjahom better, make decisions about who you want in your life"He said.

For the past 10 years, Thomas was devoted to activism and work with & # 39; community based organizations and local and international bodies. One of his most recent efforts is within the Youth Group of Pangea HIV, which already has a presence in & # 39; San Juan and another group will start soon in the west.

"(Sorry) & # 39; pompiaera & # 39; because the recruitment of young people to participate is very complex. We do this in our spare time, without salary"He said when explained his next project: a workshop for women with HIV on & # 39; sexuality issues.

José Díaz: Lawyers care

José Díaz
(Vanessa Serra Diaz)

José Díaz was diagnosed with HIV 22 years ago, when mentioning the subject was "taboo" and there were "many myths". However, from the beginning, he had the support of his family, mainly his sister, who took ħsieblu and protect him home the first three months after diagnosis.

"I worked in the Department of Health and received very well in my work (when rritornajt). They were very good companions and many are still my friends"Said the man & # 39; 67. Three years after the diagnosis, it adopted activism.

"There were problems associated with & # 39; drugs, but this is what we want to live. What we need now is to work with care and vaccine"He said, while stressing that while he was taking 35 a day medicine, today only take once a day. Firm Defendant efficacy of & # 39; Prep (helping drug to prevent HIV transmission), Díaz participated three clinical studies of & # 39; several treatments. "From the beginning I said that would choose life", he said.

HIV in & # 39; Paris Rico

  • In 2017, 442 people were diagnosed with HIV in the country.
  • Rate & # 39; diagnosis & # 39; adults and adolescents & # 39; more than 13 years was & # 39; 15.3 per 100,000 inhabitants.
  • That year, men accounted for 79.9% of & # 39; new diagnosis.
  • The unprotected sex between men was the main means of & # 39; transmission (46.8%), followed by unprotected heterosexual contact (34.4%).
  • One in three people diagnosed with HIV in 2017 stand in the Metropolitan region.
  • The diagnosis rate in men is 4.3 times higher compared to women.
  • Two cases & # 39; infection & # 39; HIV are reported daily in & # 39; Pairs Rico.
  • From 1981 to 31 & # 39, October 2018, a total of & # 39 were reported; 49 315 people with HIV in & # 39; Pairs Rico.
  • In the same period, representing 29 096 deaths & # 39; people with HIV on the island.
  • 77.3% of the reported cases have made progress in stage 3 & # 39; infection & # 39; HIV (AIDS).
  • 34.9% of diagnoses occurred between the ages of & # 39; 25 to 34 years.
  • 42.1% effect among users of intravenous drugs.
  • 677 children from 0 to 12 years were diagnosed with HIV between 1981 and 2012.
  • 90.2% of & # 39; these cases perinatal transmission.
  • From 2012, there was no & # 39; report on HIV in children & # 39; Pairs Rico.

Source: & # 39; Surveillance of HIV / AIDS, Epidemiology Division, Health Program.

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