Thursday , September 16 2021

How Norovirus, the UK Outbreak Recorder and Concern Expert is spread and treated

"There is no specific treatment for norovirus infection, and recovery generally depends on the health of the immune system." (Getty)
“There is no specific treatment for norovirus infection and recovery generally depends on the health of the immune system” (Getty)

The UK has registered in the last five weeks 154 outbreaks of norovirus, compared to an average of 53 outbreaks reported during the same time period in the previous five years.

The highest percentage of infections occurred mainly in educational settings, particularly in nurseries, with many more incidents reported to the British health agency than expected in the current summer months in the hemisphere. tramuntana. Therefore, the British authorities fired the warning for the unusual cases of “The winter vomiting virus.”

Public health experts from the UK have warned that there is a three-fold higher norovirus outbreak in infected than usual. Characterized by vomiting and diarrhea and being highly infectious, the highest number of cases is observed during the winter season, although now in the summer of summer the health authorities are concerned that the cases are increasing considerably;: il Public Health England (PHE) reported that “routine surveillance shows that the number of outbreaks caused by the vomiting virus has increased in recent weeks, particularly in early educational settings, and that cases are recurring pre-pandemics, with cases in all age groups and England ‘.

Before consulting Infobae, il infectious disease doctor María Cecilia Niccodemi (MN 105624) explain that “Norovirus is a very small RNA virus, which is transmitted mainly from person to person or through contaminated water, surfaces or food and then puts the hand in the mouth without having already washed them.”. And after pointing that out “Mainly causes gastroenteritis with diarrhea and vomiting in all age groups”, the specialized staff of the Stamboulian Doctor Medical Center and La Trinidad San Isidro Sanatorium he stressed that “this virus can be contracted several times in a lifetime because there are many types of norovirus and infection of one type does not protect against others.”

Surface cleaning is one of the measures to prevent norovirus (Getty)
Surface cleaning is one of the measures to prevent norovirus (Getty)

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines norovirus as a highly contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea, and warns that Anyone can be infected and sick with this condition, by contracting it in the following ways: through direct contact with an infected person; by consuming contaminated food or water and / or by touching contaminated surfaces and then inserting your hands into your mouth without washing them.

On how contagion can be prevented, Niccodemi advised “wash your hands with soap and water before eating or handling food, wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly, and cook meat and fruit. sea ​​well. ” He also recommended that infected people “avoid preparing food while they are sick and up to two days after symptoms disappear to reduce the chances of further spread.”

The teacher Saheer Gharbia is deputy director of the PHE National Infection Service and explained that “norovirus, commonly known as the winter vomiting virus, was at lower than normal levels during the pandemic with fewer opportunities to spread among people in the community, but by restrictions have been extended, there have been an increase in cases in all age groups ”.

“Symptoms include a sudden onset of nausea, projectile vomiting, and diarrhea, but They can also include fever, abdominal pain, and extremity pain.. Stay home if you have norovirus symptoms and do not return to work or send children to school or daycare within 48 hours after symptoms have disappeared, ”he specified.

Norovirus is an RNA virus
Norovirus is an RNA virus

According to Mayo Clinic, “The diagnosis is usually based on symptoms, but norovirus can be identified from a stool sample.”

“There is no specific treatment for norovirus infection and recovery generally depends on the health of the immune system,” said specialists from the Rochester, Minnesota-based health center. In most people, the disease usually resolves within a few days. “

“It’s what’s called supportive treatment”added Niccodemi, who summarized: “Rest, symptomatic treatment of vomiting and diarrhea and prevent dehydration.”

And after stressing that “it’s important to replace lost fluids,” Mayo Clinic experts stressed that “oral rehydration solutions can be used, and if the patient can’t swallow fluids, to prevent dehydration, it’s possible who needs to receive IV fluids ”.

Regarding the current outbreak in the UK, the National Norovirus Surveillance Team The British health agency has reported that it will continue to monitor closely all available surveillance data to ensure early detection of any unusual activity and outbreak of norovirus..

Read on

What is norovirus, the vomiting virus that worries about its high contagion
It is considered the “second brain” and contains 80% of the immune system: why it is so important to take care of the intestines.

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