The industry employs today 107 900 workers registered less than three years ago. If it were 1.257 million formal employees in & # 39; September 2015, the same month & # 39; this year 1.1491 million employees, according to data from the Ministry of Labor.
This – reduction – work – works no longer verified all these – years – lower production as a result of the decline in investment and consumption domestic, higher imports, raising interest rates and activities & # 39; outsourcing.
According INDECS, in 2016 the industry produced 4.6% less, recovered 1.8% in 2017 and this year, until September, accumulating a decrease of & # 39; 2.1%. F & # 39; those 33 months, registered a 20 month & # 39; year falls annually. F & # 39; those first 9 months, accumulating a decline year 5-year, the deepest in & # 39; September. That month the industry has worked in & # 39; 61.1% of its production capacity, the second lowest in the last 33 months, which marks the high level & # 39; unused capacity.
Not least is the fact that the reduction in the formal industrial employment was also recorded during 2017 during the month & # 39; recovery of factory activity. What happened, in large part, due to the surge in imports explained the domestic activity. Also to technological changes. This year, with the rise in the dollar along with the recession, buying & # 39; manufactured goods from abroad is declining, but the decline in industrial activity due to lower consumption and investment and young credit growth were highlighted.
"The decline in the share & # 39; industrial employment is a phenomenon observed in most developed countries over the past decades, due to production relocation in & # 39; & # 39 countries with, low wages and process & # 39; automation and robotizzazzjoni. However, the speed and depth of the local destruction process enable us declare that we are facing situation & # 39; crisis and employment adjustment in the industrial sector, which is explained by the phenomenon found in developed economies " Employment, Production and Foreign Trade of UMET.
Another feature of & # 39; rescue & # 39; Formal employment is the process & # 39; outsourcing work through the transfer of & # 39; part of production chains contractors and even job & # 39; monotributisti as workers, staff & # 39; & # 39 or in agencies; contracts "given time". There is also an increase in informal employment at the expense of & # 39; formal employment.
Pablo dragon. Director of the Center & # 39; UIA study, he said Clar the drop in manufacturing jobs is due to "a dynamic which was declining for some sectors by 2017, with & # 39; pressure & # 39; import which was marked by the middle of this year with jumps of the exchange rate and the sharp rise in rates & # 39; interest, which brought a reduction in demand and difficulties in capital funding work. "
Moreover, "the date of & # 39; job transition in the province & # 39; Buenos Aires indicates that employment conditions of lost industrial workers, 16% 19% self-employed and the remaining 22% going to trade, followed by other sectors such as construction or transportation (7% each). The loss of & # 39; industrial employment implies a high probability to be established Career paths & # 39; below instead of ascending, b & # 39; average wages or b & # 39; passes for informality or unemployment, "said Dragon.