A review of scientific studies published in the journal The British Medical Journal again & # 39; check the use of & # 39; substances sweeteners: they say so m & # 39; there is no convincing evidence to support the health benefits of the use of & # 39; sweeteners without sugar, And that -as if that was not enough – one can not exclude potential damage, as a result of their consumption.
As reported by the British newspaper The Guardian, made by Cochrane review, an international group & # 39; non-profit research & # 39; earnings, which aims to provide concrete evidence on this topic to the World Health Organization (WHO), where doing guidance on "sugar-free sweeteners" or NSS, A concept that includes sweeteners like aspartame artificial sweetener, as well as natural alternatives b & # 39; low calorie or calorie intake, like stevia.
As in recent years, the growing concern about the health and quality of life has prompted many people to adopt styles & # 39; life more b & # 39; health and avoid foods with & # 39; very sugar, salt or fat. Therefore, foods and beverages containing sweeteners unsweetened common sweetener instead of sugar have become increasingly popular.
Although many unsweetened sugar sweeteners are approved for use, little is known about the benefits and possible damage when taking their daily acceptable, since the evidence is 'Often limited and conflicting ", Indicate those responsible for this study.
The balance, the moment & # 39; & # 39 in suspense; any diet.
To better understand all this, team & # 39; European researchers (among others, from Hungary, Germany and France) analyzed 56 studies were devoted to analyze and compare not consumption or low consumption consumption & # 39; sugar-free sweeteners, regarding high consumption in adults with guys & # 39; health.
Experts mkejlu weight, the sugar control blood, the oral health, the prevalence of cancer, cardiovascular disease and kidney, mood and behavior b & # 39; in general. The studies were evaluated for bias and certainty of the evidence.
B & # 39; In general, the results showed that for most cases there seems no statistically or clinically significant differences among people exposed to sugar-free sweeteners and non-exposed, or between different doses of & # 39; sugar-free sweeteners.
For example, adults results from some small studies have suggested slight improvement in body mass index and glucose levels in the blood fasting b & # 39; sweeteners sweetness without sugar, but certainty of this evidence was low. The lower consumption & # 39; sugar-free sweeteners were associated with & # 39; weight gain slightly lower (-0.09 kg) from higher consumption, but other again & # 39; the certainty & # 39; this evidence was low.
Consumption & # 39; sweeteners has increased in recent decades.
In boys, has seen a smaller increase in the score of body mass index with sugar without sweetness compared to sugar consumption, but consumption & # 39; sweeteners without sugar was different from body weight.
They also have not found sufficient evidence & # 39; & # 39 some effect; unsweetened sugar in adults with & # 39; overweight or obese or have children actively trying to lose weight.
Consulted by Clar, the nutritionists Sergio Britos, from the Studies Center on Policy & # 39; Food and Economics (CEPEA), explained that "in the scientific literature there is evidence & # 39; scarce effectiveness to extend the amount of & # 39; artificial sweetener in drinks and food as a way to reduce sugar and increase the weight. F & # 39; some studies still regressive effect since found weight gain among those who consume products with & # 39; sweeteners artificial sweetener b & # 39; chronic way ".
Britos added that "if what is meant is to reduce sugar intake, most effective long-term interventions to reduce go exposure to sweet flavors, Even that from sweeteners artificial sweetener; especially in the first years of life that represents the moment to establish lasting habits ".
Source: Europa Press and Klar