Will everything that is technically possible in science ever done? Rapid technological advances can discover ethical barriers, as evidenced by the controversial announcement on GM first childbirth.
Ethics is ordered to run technique, always with & # 39; time & # 39; delays? This question, as old as science itself, raised this week with the birth & # 39; the first genetically modified babies in the world.
Although some scientists doubt the veracity of their claims, the Chinese researcher says Jiankui modified DNA of & # 39; twin to make them resistant to the AIDS virus.
He says he used technique & # 39; genome editing Crispr-called Cas9, which rrivoluzzjat the genome medicine by 2012.
This announcement caused great concern and condemned by the world scientific community & # 39; unanimously apprentice who is described as a & # 39; sorcerer.
He Jiankui, responsible for the fact unprecedented & # 39; genetic manipulation, in his laboratory in southern China – AP
"Good science does not generate knowledge in the middle of the vacuum: the context and consequences are crucial, and the consequences of & # 39; this irresponsible act could be disastrous" commented Dr Sarah Chan & # 39; University & # 39; Edinburgh.
However, criticism was not so at the beginning of the genetic modification in humans, but also to experience conditions.
Firstly, the fact that carry out any framework, alone and very premature.
In fact, the consequences of & # 39; the use of & # 39; Crispr-Cas9, especially the possibility of genetic modifications, Transmissible from generation to generation, have unexpected effects and lead to the creation of & # 39; "monsters".
Another important ethical habit was the end of & # 39; experiment: Protects babies against AIDS and tfejquhomx a disease that threatens their lives.
The scientific community fear & # 39; that transgression & # 39; these ethical principles ahead suspect sector & # 39; very promising research.
"The launch in flight technology & # 39; forward, when burned essential ethical step, you & # 39; make us go back", Kathy says Niakan, biologist at the Francis Crick Institute in & # 39; London.
Therefore, many international scientific bodies considered that the genome modifications may be acceptable in the future, but controlled by & # 39; rigorous manner.
This was an idea that could not be only tens of & # 39; years ago, showing the difficulty of establishing inviolable barriers.
"You can not say: this is taboo, period, and we do not talk more about it", argues Anne Cambon-Thomsen, director & # 39; research at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS, a French acronym).
"An essential element to form our humanity is the ability to reflect on what our technical capabilities allow", continue Cambon-Thomsen, member of the Group & # 39; European Ethics (EGE), which advises the European Commission.
The human cloning remains & # 39; red line. "This leaves the medical framework, and it is difficult to show benefit to cloning ' by Anne Cambon-Thomsen.
After – induced stupor – He announced Jiankui, Government of China announced that it would open a criminal case and can & # 39; go to prison for violations of & # 39; ethical standards.