He underlined by professionals from the Association of Microbiology & # 39; Argentina, emphasizing that it is due to the misuse of & # 39; antibiotic
The Argentine Association of Microbiology (AAM), which noted that "already reached and even geriatric patients & # 39; the inpati in their homes, intra-OSPITAL infections, caused mainly by bacteria that are resistant antibiotics, m & # 39; longer exclusive to medical facilities. "
This was one of the topics discussed at the recent 8th Congress of the Argentina Society of Bacteriology, Mycology and Clinical Parasitology (Sadebac) -which is part of AAM- and generates concern in the scientific community, by "rate & # 39; resistance to molecules with & # 39; & # 39 antibiotic action; habitual use is very high ".
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) every year about 700,000 people die due to antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a figure which will reach 10 million by 2050 "if no action is taken".
"Those associated with healthcare infections, also known as intrahospital, are closely related to & # 39; use of & # 39; medical devices before we had", explained bijokimist and specialist in -Bacteriology Clinic, Jaime Kovensky Pupko.
The expert and coordinator of the Subcommittee Antimicrobial Sadebac noted that "advanced medicine greatly, so there are now more patients & # 39; compromised immune system (transplanted, oncology) exposed to invasive procedures, which bear -risk of inevitable & # 39; infection "
He also stressed that "one of the issues that most concern is the low rate of & # 39; adherence to hand washing & # 39; health personnel, that in Argentina does not exceed 30% . "
"The biggest problem & # 39; washing & # 39; hand is the transmission of bacteria b & # 39; horizontal mode", accepted the biokimist Adriana Sucari, vice president of AAM and the president & # 39; Sadebac.
He added that "doctors, nurses, kinesjoloġisti and all health personnel to assist a patient who is a carrier & # 39; resistant bacteria, can spread to the next patient if they cleaned their hands between them".
Both specialists also agreed that it is "fundamental" to contain the rate of & # 39; associated with healthcare infections, also seen in hospital & # 39; daily, homes for the elderly and patients with hospital at home.
"Any medical institution shall design and implement a & # 39; surveillance program that includes the search for carriers & # 39; multiresistant bacteria and the application & # 39; precautions to prevent horizontal transmission, which is one place from patient to patient or the patient's side. of health care personnel and the use of & # 39; items such as a stethoscope and thermometers, "Kovensky suggested.
Abuse and misuse
The bijokimistal recalled that antimicrobial resistance is linked to & # 39; "misuse or abuse" of & # 39; antibiotics. "In 2016," he said, "resistance to antimicrobials was the health issue addressed at the Summit of Presidents organized by the United Nations, where for the first time Heads & # 39; State committed to adopt a coordinated strategy & # 39; & # 39 broad scope, to tackle human, animal and agriculture ".
"Antibiotics should be prescribed by a doctor that the prescription must be presented at the pharmacy. Studies show that lack of & # 39; compliance with & # 39; this rule reaches 80% in the province & # 39; Buenos Aires. This sale without a prescription in most respond to behavior & # 39; self-medication, f & # 39; situations where the antibiotic is not necessary because it is viral, producing bacteria resistant to infectious focus or gut microbiota that tgħixna ", he noted.
"We all take care of the ecology of our own microbial flora if we let alone in advance of antimicrobial resistance", added Kovensky.