Sunday , May 28 2023

They warn that the figures are breastfeeding are much lower than recommended


Infants should receive breast milk as the only food in the first six months Credit: Shutterstock

The return to work, lack of & # 39; for breastfeeding spaces and disinfection influence abandonment & # 39; this practice; Only 42% of infants receiving milk only from mother to six months

Even though last year there were 7% more women breastfeeding their babies during the first six months of life, the promotion of breastfeeding remains & # 39; outstanding issue in public health. official report indicates that while 68% of & # 39; mother put the baby in the breast within the first hour of his life, 42% only have exclusive breastfeeding those recommended 180 days, according to a new edition of the National Survey & # 39; Breastfeeding (Enalac). That is almost 60% of infants to receive only breast milk for six months.

"The figures are much less than we would like," says Guadalupe Mangialavori, coordinator of the survey of the National Maternity and Childhood and Adolescence (Dinamia) of the Ministry of Health of the Nation. And he adds: "We need to prioritize breastfeeding for its multiple benefits, it is urgent."

Return to work or study, lack of & # 39; "friendly spaces" of & # 39; and even feeding misinformation to influence the decision relinquishes.

When reviewing whether the time to separate mother and baby spend the daytime influence the continuity of breastfeeding, the results confirming it. It was considered average interval & # 39; four & # 39; hours a day. This period was enough for suckling to decline from 91.6% to 85.9% in & # 39; those under six months or 79.9% to 72.7% in & # 39; those over one year.

"We must ensure that the institutions, universities and workplaces all have room for breastfeeding and respect breastfeeding woman & # 39 ;," says Mangialavori. Often, the first obstacle is the employer, but often workers' partners, who are much more tolerant of what the
stay to go smoke that & # 39; what he will make ribs
stay to express milk. "

Already in the first survey of the myths and beliefs in the population of Milk League Argentina made three years ago, half of those aged over 16 years who participated in b & # 39; of milk breast equivalent b & # 39; artificial versions in the market.

"If the population think that infant formula is as good as breastfeeding, we are worried as society", says Mangialavori, "breastfeeding mothers do not give formula, are we serious & # 39; health problem child -feedingstuffs why not tevalwahx ".

The breast milk is also attributed a positive effect on weight during growth. "In addition to providing that all the nutrients that a baby needs in the first six months of life protects against the common childhood diseases (diarrhea and respiratory infections), there is growing evidence that breastfeeding can & # 39; have benefits Fit -term, such as reducing the risk of & # 39; overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence, "reports the World Health Organization. "Reducing 26% overweight and 35% incidence & # 39; type 2 diabetes", says the team & # 39; Dinamia.

Reduce risks

Infants should receive breast milk as the only food in the first six months of life. Only then we incorporate semi-solid foods and continue breastfeeding & # 39; b & # 39; complementary way for at least two years. This, as noted in the report, halving the risk of & # 39; diarrhea and a third possibility that children have respiratory infections, including the hospital for these reasons. Bronchiolitis is a lung infection most common, especially in previous years. The research has been making the Children Foundation for many years in the country to support breastfeeding among the factors & # 39; natural protection against respiratory sinkitiku virus, annually tiskalla the guards & # 39 ; pediatric hospitals.

The Enalac had a representative sample of the population by almost a year and a half & # 39; each province: 18 566 babies, organized in & # 39; two groups, within six months and boys between 12 and 15 months. B & # 39; difference from previous editions since 2007, the team & # 39; Mangialavori took account & # 39; demographic and health indicators to refine the results.

In eight provinces there have been changes in respect of the year & # 39; before feeding in the group & # 39; the smallest. While in & # 39; Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Jujuy, La Pampa and San Luis improved values, f & # 39; anions, San Juan and Santa Fe declined.

The baby formula was the most common breast milk replacement in children under six months (59%), while cow's milk was the least frequent option (8%).

"Virtually all babies can receive breast milk and all women can breastfeed", say from dinamja, "there is little against total or partial (indications), as galaktosemija (accumulation in the body & # 39; galactose, breast milk), infection & # 39; HIV or phenylketonuria (difficulty in processing & # 39; protein, phenylalanine, food), so the health team must be alert and trained to not interfere unnecessarily with breastfeeding. "

Data & # 39; attention indicated, for example, the exclusive breastfeeding is much lower in children born prematurely (before seven & # 39; month & # 39; pregnancy) or underweight than exceeding 2500 grams at birth (respectively, 34, 7 and 54.7%).

"Baby born with & # 39; low birth weight leaving the institution without breastfeeding is the responsibility of the health team, and every opportunity that we have not nħarsux from scratch is an opportunity to miss", says Mangialavori.

Report nationally

It is based on a sample of & # 39; more than 18,000 babies

68 p
or percent

They are mothers who put the baby in the chest in the first hours of & # 39; life

26 percent

With exclusive breastfeeding, that percentage has been reduced & # 39; overweight and f & # 39; 35%, the incidence of & # 39; type 2 diabetes in children

59 percent

Mothers chose the infant formula as the most common substitute for breastfeeding in children under six months

Unused Tools

In 0800-222-1002 free line (option 7) of the Ministry of Health of the Nation received only 184 consultation on breastfeeding from all over the country. The most common concerns are related to the low level & # 39; milk for the baby, pain in the chest, as is the proper way to breastfeed & # 39 ;, if the drugs can be used during Lactation, as operated in the separation to go to work, how to conserve milk x & # 39; it is the ideal age of weaning.

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