Intra-OSPITAL infections, caused in & # 39; most of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, m & # 39; longer exclusive to medical facilities, he warned. Association of Microbiology & # 39; Argentina (AAM), noting that "has already arrived at the homes & # 39; nurses and even in inpatients in their homes."
This was one of the topics discussed in recent VIII Congress of the Argentina Society of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology Clinic (Sadebac) – which is part of AAM – and to generate concern in the scientific community, by "rate & # 39; resistance to molecules with & # 39; & # 39 antibiotic action, normal use is very high".
According to – The World Health Organization (WHO) every year about 700,000 people live since antimicrobial resistance (AMR), figure will reach 10 million by 2050 "if no action is taken".
"These infections associated with health care, also known as intravenous, are closely related to & # 39; use of & # 39; medical devices that was not before us ", explained. the bijokimist and specialist in Clinical Bacteriology, Jaime Kovensky Pupko.
The expert and coordinator of the Subcommittee Antimicrobial Sadebac noted that "advanced medicine greatly, so there are now more patients & # 39; compromised immune system (transplanted, oncology) exposed to invasive procedures, which bear -risk of inevitable & # 39; infection "
He also stressed that "one of the issues that most concern is low rate of & # 39; adherence to hand washing of health personnel, in Argentina does not exceed 30% ".
"The biggest problem & # 39; as washable hand is the transmission of bacteria b & # 39; horizontal mode", agreed on biochemistry. Adriana Sucari, vice president of the AAM and the president & # 39; Sadebac.
He added: "Doctors, nurses, kinesjoloġisti and all health personnel to assist a patient carrier & # 39; resistant bacterium, can jxerrduh to the next patient if they cleaned their hands between them".
Both specialists also agreed that it is "fundamental" to contain the rate of & # 39; associated with healthcare infections, also seen in hospital & # 39; daily, homes for the elderly and patients with hospital at home.
"Any medical institution shall design and implement a & # 39; surveillance program that includes the search for carriers & # 39; multiresistant bacteria and the application & # 39; precautions to prevent horizontal transmission, which is one place from patient to patient or the patient's side. of health care personnel and the use of & # 39; items such as a stethoscope and thermometers, "Kovensky suggested.
He recalled that antimicrobial resistance is linked to & # 39; "misuse or abuse" of & # 39; antibiotics: "In 2016, resistance to antimicrobials was the health issue addressed in Presidents Summit organized by the United Nations."
"For the first time, Heads & # 39; State undertook to adopt a strategy coordinated with & # 39; to address it in a wide range of human health, animal and agriculture ", he recalled.
"Antibiotics should be prescribed by a doctor that the prescription must be registered in the pharmacy." Studies show that lack of & # 39; & # 39 complied with; this rule reaches 80% in the province & # 39; Buenos Aires, "said a dialogue with & # 39; this agency.
He added: "This is not prescribed respond in sales & # 39; many cases for behaviors & # 39; self-medication, f & # 39; situations where antibiotic is needed because are viral images, producing resistant bacteria in infectious focus or mikrobjota bowel to live with us"
"We all take care of the ecology of our own microbial flora if we let alone in advance of antimicrobial resistance", he added. Kovensky.