n Exposure to sunlight or other sources of & # 39; ultraviolet radiation (UVR), such as sunbeds, is the main cause of aging and the development of skin cancer. The RUV cause cumulative and irreversible damage to the skin structure. For this reason, it is essential to avoid damage from the sun at an early age. "The skin cancer is the most common form of & # 39; cancer in humans: 1 in 3 will be in the skin. Mibba & # 39; early, is curable in & # 39; many instances" , explained Dr. Ana De Pablo, Deputy Chief of Dermatology at the University Hospital & # 39; Australia and professor in the Biomedical Sciences Faculty of the & # 39; the Austral University.
Despite measures & # 39; prevention and early diagnosis, cases & # 39; skin cancer increased worldwide in & # 39; the last twenty years. And Argentina does not prevent this increase. "Fostering public awareness measures & # 39; prevention is a fundamental pillar. F & # 39; this sense, it is important that individuals learn to do self-examination for personal awareness and recognition & # 39; injuries that may be new, change and motivate the consulting specialist. in addition, educate to acquire healthy habits before the sun, minimizing the risk of & # 39; burning and reduce the accumulation & # 39, damaged by RUV, "said De Pablo.
The diagnosis of cancer still has a negative burden on people. It is considered as time & # 39; no return and no possibility of & # 39; survival, but it is a false idea that leads to isolation and stigmatization of people.
According to records of the Ministry of Health of the Nation, 9 out of 10 cases & # 39; skin cancer due to sun exposure. The reason for this is that the skin absorbs ultraviolet radiation that constantly throw the sun throughout life.
It is estimated that a person at the age of & # 39; 18 years already exposed to 80% of the total ultraviolet rays will absorb throughout life, and therefore the importance of adopting healthy habits prior to exposure to the sun during year-round, not just in the summer, and conducts frequent audits moles personally as well & # 39; specialist.
Within the framework of the National Campaign to Prevent Skin Cancer, Dr. Alejandro Turek, a specialist in Oncology Clinic (65 164 MN), offered some recommendations to be taken to avoid injury when exposed to sunlight, now that the summer season.
"The time has come when everyone is exposed either on the road, in pools or beaches, sun. Some, those who have dark skin, more fortunate and tann even, but others, b & # 39; lighter skin, be careful and not set aside in & # 39; each performance ", said the expert.
Yes and no, to protect skin
According to the specialist explained, taking care of skin sun damage, especially in young people has a much lower risk after showing signs of & # 39; fotoġestjoni or injuries such as skin cancer.
"The more sun exposure, the greater the risk. The UV rays damage the DNA, our genetic information. UVAs cause skin aging, are wrinkle or stain us over time. The -esponiment repeated to ultraviolet radiation from the sun is regarded science as the biggest factor & # 39; risk for developing skin cancer, the most frequent tumor & # 39; affect everyone larger body & # 39; field.
"Redness of the skin is an immediate reaction to the sun and is common in & # 39; people change and clear eyes. The dark skins do not go to this stage, but fire b & # 39; direct way. But they also damaged in the long term, so protection is always indicated. while it is ideal not to expose the skin, if you are looking to get a tan, it is better to be progressive, especially during the first days & # 39; exposure. "
The is essential to avoid sun exposure in & # 39; south, between 11 and 16 hours, as in & # 39; this time out cast candle of the body is shorter and the sun shines bright from the sky center.
Babies and young children m & # 39; should be exposed to sunlight for up to 6 months (mostly because they can not use protectors f & # 39; this time) and up to 3 years, at least, protect them with clothing cotton, hats and higher FPS 15
There is a wide variety of & # 39; & # 39 types; sunscreen corresponding to each kind of & # 39; skin situation. But it is crucial to use a protective product & # 39; broad spectrum & # 39; (With UVB-UVA filters), b & # 39; feature & # 39; sun protection & # 39; 30 or more.
Once selected with the sunscreen, it is necessary that the product half an hour before exposure, so that the skin can & # 39; absorb the active ingredients.
The The protector must be renewed every two hours and then let the water (sea, lake, pool, stream, river, waterfall) or planted excessively. It is important to also put an ample amount of & # 39; cream. About 2 milligrams per square centimeter of skin is recommended.
In addition to applying the cream, to be used appropriate accessories that increase sun protection, such as sunglasses with UV protection, hat b & # 39; wide side & # 39; or caps with & # 39; visor.
The protector to be applied on all skin exposed to the sun and special attention should be paid to areas such as ankles, neck or head in the event & # 39; natural gourd skin or peeled.
The The ritual of hydration is recommended in the morning before starting the day and then apply sunscreen
the M & # 39; have to use only light clothing, even if you think it is more cooler, because the shirts or pants with drawstring closed and dark colors better protect the skin from lightning.
While exposed to sunlight and especially in & # 39; hot days, drink plenty of fluid (about 2 to 3 liters per day) and increase consumption & # 39; fruits and vegetables.
After all the exposure, moreover, the skin must be hydrated to further protect it. The use of & # 39; "post-solar 'cream is also recommended so that the skin is not damaged.
The ultraviolet radiation, and b & # 39; in particular solar radiation, carcinogenic to humans and causes all major types of & # 39; skin cancer, such as basal cell carcinoma, carcinoma & # 39 ; squamous cell and melanoma.
Through technical or rule & # 39; ABCDE, assessing pigmentary lesion; failure & # 39; symmetry, edges, color, diameter, and its evolution. If one has pigmentata lesion, or what is commonly know as mole, the following characteristics should be evaluated: its asymmetry, the disclosure of & # 39; undefined edges or uploaded & # 39 ;, differences in & # 39; tons of color, diameters greater than six millimeters, changes during the time period, and the presence of & # 39; symptomatic lesions, for example, cause pain or itching or sores.
Once the diagnosis is made, it sought to establish what kind of & # 39; melanoma is and f & # 39; what stage it is, and the basis to determine treatment and prognosis.
"This iconic action to manage the SAD, is characterized not only by providing treatment with & # 39; nothing, to detect suspicious lesions & # 39; possible skin cancer, f & # 39; those people who voluntarily attend check-ups, but is also accompanied by a & # 39; photoeducation measures, with a view to raising awareness among the population at behavior to avoid the pathology ", says Dr. Cristina Pascutto, dermatologist and president of the Society & # 39, Argentina Dermatology.