Journey & # 39; & # 39 six months; space & # 39; NASA space to Mars is approaching its dramatic final drama.
The Insight is aimed aircraft landing within hours, so as to build the anxiety among those involved in the international effort & # 39; $ 1 billion.
Hazardous landing & # 39; & # 39 by Insight; the Martian atmosphere has stomachs & # 39; confusion and nerves stretched to the maximum. Although old pro at & # 39; so, NASA did not attempt a landing at & # 39; tightly for six years.
Insight is scheduled landing on 7 & # 39; on Tuesday (AEDT).
Geological robot – designed to explore the insides mysterious & # 39; Mars – will go from 19,800 kmph) to zero in & # 39; flat six minutes as ease the Martian atmosphere, issue parachute, soar machines and land on three legs.
It is aiming for flat red plains, hopefully they are low on the rocks.
The overall rate of & # 39; success for landing at & # 39; & # 39 Mars is; 40 percent.
"The landing on Mars is one of the most difficult jobs that people should do in planetary exploration", noted a main scientist & # 39; Insight, Bruce Banerdt. "This is a difficult thing, is something so dangerous that there is always a chance that something could quite inkomperabbli & # 39; go wrong."
This expedition is the rock collection. Instead, the stationary artillery & # 39; 360 kilograms will use its robotic arm & # 39; 1.8 meters to place mechanical mole and sismometru on the ground.
The automatic hammering mole will vacate 5 meters & # 39; below to measure the internal heat of the planet, while seismometru of & # 39; tech listening & # 39; marsquakes possible. Nothing like this has been tried before in & # 39; Mars. No experiment has never been moved by & # 39; as a robotic spacecraft to the Martian surface current. No Lander lasted more than several inches, and no sismom never worked on Mars.
By examining the deepest and dark of & # 39; inside & # 39; Mars – still preserved from its earliest days – scientists want to create 3D images that can reveal how rocky planets of our solar system formed 4.5 billion years ago and why it turned out so differently. One of the big questions is what made the World so hospitable to life.
Mars once had flowing rivers and lakes; the deltas and lakebeds are now dry, and the planet is cold. Venus is due to thick atmosphere furnace and & # 39; the heat trapping. Mercury, the closest to the sun, has a positive face hidden. The planetary knowledge gained from the operation of & # 39; & # 39 two years; Insight can & # 39; even spread on rocky worlds beyond our solar system, according to Banerdt. The findings on Mars may help explain the type & # 39; & # 39 conditions in, these so-called exoplanets "and enter history as we are trying to figure out how planets form", he said.
While concentrating on blocks & # 39; planetari building, Insight m & # 39; has no ability to detect life. What is left for future rovers. The mission & # 39; Mars NASA in 2020, for example, will collect rocks for eventual return can & # 39; show evidence of ancient life.