The Italian Bernardo Bertolucci producer, who won Oscars for The Last Emperor and his erotic play Last Tango in & # 39; Paris and told him xokkat the world, died Monday. He was 77.
The press office & # 39; Bertolucci, Punto e comma, confirmed the death in & # 39; email to The Associated Press. RAI state of Italy Bertolucci said he died at his home in & # 39; Rome, surrounded by family.
"He will be remembered among the largest in Italian film and the world," the Film Festival & # 39; Venice, which gave Bertolucci award & # 39; success in 2007, said in a statement.
The movies & # 39; Bertolucci often explore sexual relationships among the characters stuck in a psychological crisis, as in the case Last Tango.
The Marxist who was also working for itself fallax himself from politics and ideology, as in the case The conformist, Which some critics consider the masterpiece & # 39; Bertolucci.
Although he was working with & # 39; American stars and international list A, Bertolucci has always defended the style of his own films against what he said was the pressure of the US film industry.
He kept a critical success for most of his career, goes the controversy that his sexual provocative mix work and some commercial flops.
"When it comes to commercial cinema, I have the strange enjoyment I feel I'm from another tribe, infiltratur" told Italian daily Corriere della Sera in 1990.
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He was honored for life achievement in film festival & # 39; Cannes in 2011.
The movies & # 39; Bertolucci also had pictures & # 39; experiences of the director himself in psikoanalisi. He always said that film production was the way & # 39; communication & # 39; the audience. It was his personal language.
"Maybe I'm idealistic, but I still think of the movie theater as a cathedral where we all go together to feel the dream together," he said after receiving an award from the Director of America Corporation for its film of 1987 The Last Emperor.
That film gave Bertolucci his greatest success. In 1988 win nine & # 39; the Academy Awards has been nominated for – including best film and best director.
The film – the first Western film to win permission to shoot in the Forbidden City of & # 39; Beijing – follows the life of the last emperor of China, the child king finally the Qing Dynasty for war criminals and finally an ordinary citizen in the People's Republic.
It was filmed in lush and vivid style was one of the trademarks of & # 39; Bertolucci. It seemed grandiose scenes and intimate moments, and flashback structure that is typical & # 39; biopic.
The cinema Vittorio Storaro, who often worked with & # 39; Bertolucci and won one of his three Oscar The Last Emperor, Comparing the director to William Faulkner.
"His style is no different than & # 39; Faulkner will go to 30 pages without a period. Bernardo does not only use the camera to deliver a single judgment. Everything comes to anything other", said Storaro.
Bertolucci was born in the northern city & # 39; Parma 16 & # 39; March, 1941, son of the poet Attilio Bertolucci and his wife Ninetta. The family moved to Rome when Bertolucci was 13.
He originally wanted to be a poet like his father, but later turned to films.
He began his career while he was still a student at the University & # 39; Rome as an assistant director in the film & # 39; Pier Paolo Pasolini Accattone. A year later, in 1962, he made his first film The Grim Reaper, On the killing of & # 39; prostitute.
Soon established himself as one of the top young stars & # 39; international cinema. By & # 39; his early 30s, has already directed many acclaimed films: Before the Revolution in 1964, a reflection on the policy and the middle class settled in the locality director; Stratagem & # 39; Spider in 1970, history & # 39; man who returns to the scene of the murder & # 39; father, hero anti-fascists, to discover web & # 39; location; and The conformist, Which is based on Alberto Moravia novel and shows the struggle of & # 39; man, Jean-Louis Trintignant, to comply with societal expectations and in Italy Fascista.
But was it Last Tango which Bertolucci shot to stardom, and reputation. The film, starring Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider as a man & # 39; mean age and younger woman to engage in & # 39; brutal sexual relationship in apartment & # 39; Paris blank, shocked the world and suffered censorship in his native country.
But the raw style and his improvisation also earned nominations of & # 39; Brando and Bertolucci Oscar and was compared by critic Pauline Kael New Yorker film with & # 39; Stravinsky & # 39; s The Rite of Spring as revolutionary work & # 39; art. The film was banned in Italy just after his release in 1972, and was re-released until 1987.
The case went to the courts and back until the high criminal court banned the film in 1976 and ordered all copies confiscated and destroyed. Bertolucci, Brando and Schneider, as well as producer Alberto Grimaldi, were sentenced to two months in prison and a fine of & # 39; $ 40 each – although prison terms were suspended.
Schneider itself say that was traumatized by the movie. The actress, who died in 2011, was only 19 at the filmazzjoni and told Mail & # 39; day in 2007 that & # 39; rape scene involving a stick & # 39; butter was included without warning. "I was called my agent or my lawyer could & # 39; enter into the set because it can not solve anyone to do something that is not in the script, but in & # 39; then, I did not know "she said.
"Marlon told me:" Maria, do not worry, it's just a film, "but during the scene, even though what he was doing Marlon was real, I was crying real tears. I felt humiliated and be honest, I felt a little stupid, both Marlon and and by Bertolucci. After the scene, Marlon did not console me or apologize. B & # 39; good fortune, there was only one decision, "she said.
Bertolucci then began its most ambitious project, epic stories & # 39; four & # 39; hours on life & # 39; two sons – Gerard Depardieu and Robert De Niro – through the political turmoil of the last century in Italy. The film – 1900 – won some critical praise, but ended spectacular commercial flop.
The posterior films & # 39; Bertolucci included The Sky & # 39; Shelter, Characterized by Debra Winger and John Malkovich as an American couple who try to inject new life into their relationship during a trip to Africa. Work & # 39; 1990 Bertolucci won a nomination at the Golden Globes.
He also addressed Little Buddha in 1993 with & # 39; Keanu Reeves as Siddharta; Stealing Beauty in 1996 starring Liv Tyler as a teenager discovering sex during a trip to Italy; The Dreamers, Again & # 39; Other erotic drama set against a political background – f & # 39; in this case the 1968 riots & # 39; students at & # 39; Paris – starring Eva Green and Louis Garrel as brothers cinema lovers who find friendship with & # 39; the American student Michael Pitt. The film became the male nudity & # 39; full forward but was released uncut in the United States.
Bertolucci was married to writer and director Clare Peploe English. They had no children. Peploe is the sister of & # 39; Mark Peploe, script and a friend & # 39; Bertolucci worked with the director on a number of & # 39; projects. Punto e comma, the press office, said details of the funeral plans are not yet finalized but expects ceremony in the coming days.