OPPORTUNITY: The Rover, designed to last 90 days, landing at & # 39; Mars in 2004, and was ongoing over until the dust storm around the world welcomed in & # 39; June. NASA has been trying to restore & # 39; raise Rover as the dust storm ended using both & # 39; listening as well & # 39; & # 39 methods; command, the agency said in & # 39; October. The engineers believe that it is possible to layer & # 39; dust on the solar panels Rover blocking the sunlight it needs to re & # 39; carries its battery. They do not ċedewx hope, especially because the winds that typically occur in the context of & # 39; period from November to January helped to clean the panels Rover in the past. In any case the Rover of & # 39; six wheels exceeded the range of its expected life many times.
SPIRIT: The twin of & # 39; Opportunity were also expected to last in extreme winters and dust storms & # 39; Mars just 90 days. But the Spirit got stuck with sand and went to work in 2009. Like Opportunity, landed in the ground & # 39; Mars in 2004, and his mission nearly six years returned about 124,000 photographs from the surface of the red planet. Spirit is done in & # 39; part of the aluminum recovered from the site of the World Trade Center towers in New York City were destroyed in terrorist attacks of 11 & # 39; September 2001.
PHOENIX LANDER: This stationary probe touched down at Martian Arctic & # 39; May 2008 and exceeded its original mission & # 39; three months, which lasted five months. The landing & # 39; Phoenix was aimed at circumpolar region and use a robotic arm to inħaffeġ, wipe, bake, burn and tasting the planet earth. Among the early results was the verification of the presence of & # 39; ice & # 39; water in the face of & # 39; under the Martian sea.
KURIOSITÀ: The Rover of & # 39; 2.5 billion dollars, more modern and technically able to enter in & # 39; & # 39 in Mars, in August 2012. He began his exploration into the crater & # 39; Gusev, region in the past liquid water was abundant. The new Rover made many discoveries, including ancient Mars could support microbes live. It is powered by plutonium generator, so its operations were not affected by dust storm in & # 39; June. Earlier this month driven about 60 meters, pushing its total distance moved for more than 20km. He had a "memory disorder" in & # 39; September that engineers are still diagnose.
THE MAN TO MARS: The NASA dream of flying humans in & # 39; Mars mission is very lively and relies on the Orion space capsule next to her. NASA sent the Orion space capsule on a test flight on Delta IV Heavy rocket. The long-term plan calls for NASA astronauts first landed on the asteroid and then later in & # 39; & # 39 in Mars, some half in & # 39; mid-year 2030.