The departure of the Soyuz number 138 should be as & # 39; & # 39 has; routine for space flight. The next crew is expected to bear & # 39; Monday to the International Space Station (ISS) from the same platform & # 39; Yury Gagarin used starting in 1967 on his historic first flight into orbit.
But two months ago an accident on the last launch of & # 39; Soyuz sent the Russian and American astronauts who came back to Earth.
Shortly before this, the crew on the ISS had discovered a mysterious hole – located after pressure & # 39; air on the station began to drop, and was introduced by & # 39; success.
Both incidents raised questions about the state of Russia's space industry – once the great pride of & # 39; Superpower – and the future of cosmic cooperation with the United States.
Investigators seized blame for launching bankrupt on a faulty sensor on the Soyuz.
The head & # 39; Roscosmos, the Russian space agency, told the BBC danneġġa during assembly when "two clashed cranes". "Our task is to take steps to ensure that does not happen again", said Dmitry Rogozin.
He and his counterparts Nasa say they are confident in the next mission.
Who is on board Expedition 58?
- David Saint-Jacques (L), 48, a Canadian engineer, astrofiżikist and family doctor
- Oleg Kononenko (C), 54, Russian; three space flights on ISS in 2008, 2011-12 and 2015, totaling 534 days and include three space walks
- Anne McClain (R), 39, American; Pilot b & # 39; experience studied as a postgraduate at the University & # 39; Bath and Bristol in the UK
Some warn that Russia's deep problems remain.
Who is to blame for failures in space?
"[The failed launch] is a terrible blow to the Russian space industry and authorities, "argues the expert Pavel Luzin space.
"Two short-term emergencies means that something goes wrong."
The astronauts flee with wrong fuel
Mr Luzin says Moscow classifies its space program with nuclear arsenal and its seat in the UN Security Council as things give Russia & # 39; Vladimir Putin status & # 39; "Great power" to think.
But the incident, and unexplained weight on the ISS, sparked reports & # 39; low wages and minimal motivation in the space sector of the country, which remains & # 39; fully managed and funded by the state.
"There is a major difference between the salaries of bosses and general engineers, not help ensure work & # 39; awareness", notes Ivan Moiseyev, head of the Space Policy Institute at & # 39; Moscow.
The boss & # 39; Roscosmos also saħqetha "open question" whether the damage to the Soyuz during the assembly would act & # 39; sabotage.
"Probably was not," said Mr. Rogozin. "But we must see '.
He raised similar questions about the hole & # 39; two millimeters found on the ISS, concluded that Russia was drilled by "shaking hands".
F & # 39; sense & # 39; tense political climate, the head of & # 39; Space argued that "deliberate interference in the" could not be ruled out.
One newspaper reported that, behind closed doors, Roscosmos was actually blaming the American astronauts on the ISS to make the hole.
Relations between the United States and Russia living in space?
In public both sides were iħarbu positivity.
"We have full confidence in & # 39; other. This is the only way & # 39; is when we are Shifting the guys and our gals in & # 39; altrbita", the head Roscomos told the BBC f & # 39; event to mark 20 years of the ISS.
"I thank the political winds do not touch us," said Dmitry Rogozin.
"The environment & # 39; I do not understand … out there trust in & # 39; this sea & # 39; other noise ', William Gerstenmaier of & # 39; re Nasa & # 39; made its repetition.
Skepticism is certainly b & # 39; his health here.
With relations between the US and Russia b & # 39; difficulty due to allegations of & # 39; election intelligence and crisis in Ukraine, the industry observers say that professions & # 39 ; friendship and trust are mainly "educated diplomacy".
The Space Station remains & # 39; a powerful symbol, and increasingly rare, a & # 39; collaboration. But is set to end operations in 2024.
- What wants to live on the ISS?
- The probes of Russia undermined the Soyuz flight
"The policy will not affect work on the ISS, but future projects are highly unlikely on the same scale," believes Ivan Moiseyev.
The role for Russia at the Gateway of Nasa lunar still being debated: Moscow is glad to take a bit part in a project led by American to orbit the moon.
"For scientists, the best thing would be to keep the ISS going as far & # 39; is. But are the politicians who give money and are the ones with problems," reasons Mr Moiseyev.
Russia still speaks like a space superpower.
Dmitry Rogozin insists that its heavy rocket will launch Angara, although the date has now fallen to 2028; it, Russia has big plans to colonises the moon.
It also has a long record & # 39; failure & # 39; follow-up statements.
One thing Moscow can & # 39; prides itself: the Soyuz spacecraft is currently the only way to launch crews in & # 39; altrbita, since the US ended the shuttle program in 2011.
"We are confident in & # 39; this vehicle quickly figured out what happened and why and how nevitawha again", Anne McClain of & # 39; & # Nasa said number 39; journalists. Then walked in & # 39; Soyuz simulator for the final skills test before flight & # 39; her maiden name.
But like the ISS, that cooperation with & # 39; Moscow is finite.
Nasa expects manned flight test two commercial space vehicles & # 39; the United States is developing the next year.
"Why do the Americans and Europeans must cooperate with Russia then?" Ask Pavel Luzin.
"They do not want to depend on Russia. That is the political challenge for us."