Nearly 2,400 years ago, the-philosopher Plato described Atlantis as a mighty state Possessed That 10,000 chariots, Advanced technologies, vast numbers of Elephants and bulls, and a series of complex Canals. And now, in a new Documentary, a U.K.-based group claims to have Discovered-the ruins of Print Once-flourishing society now on the What-the Atlantic coast of Spain.
But one Archaeologist That said-the ruins likely Belong to Another ancient culture, and several Researchers interviewed by Science Could Live BARELY Conta their exasperation-the whens They heard news of yet Atlantis Another discovery. (People have made claims over the Dozen of Suchi-years, locating the-Legendary society in Antarctica, Bolivia, Turkey, Germany, Malta, the Caribbean and Elsewhere.)
"Bless their hearts – they're Correct ow about this, That Would awesome," said Ken Feder, a professor of anthropology at Central Connecticut State University. "But here's my problem: As an Archaeologist, I know That I ALWAYS NEED TO BE in-the company of my bullshit detector. And These guys, DONE They have just about everything to September They possibly can off my bullshit detector." [Images: Lost Medieval City Discovered Near Angkor Wat]
Seen from Space
It's debatable WHETHER Atlantis even existed. Plato described-the ancient society in about 330 B.C., WRITING That, in effect, a politician NAMED Critias heard about-the society through a game of Historic telephone dating back to ancient Egypt. Atlantis served as perfect-the Example of a society corrupted That thought Become budgets by material wealth, Advanced Technology and Military mights. Then, Atlantis-the gods destroyed about 9,000 years ago in a cataclysmic event, Plato wrote.
For centurie, SCHOLARS viewed Writing on Plato's Atlantis as allegory. But Perspective That changed in 1882, whens Minnesota's U.S. Rep. Ignatius Donnelly (1831-1901), an amateur Scientist, Published the-book "Atlantis: The Antediluvian World" (Harper & Brothers), claimed That Which Was Atlantis a real place.
Since then, people have searched for remaini of-the-the sunken city. In recent must-the Example, Employees at Merlin pinpointed Burrows, two years ago, What May BE Atlantis in Spain, Bruce Blackburn, CEO of Merlin the-Burrows, told Live Science. The company, based in North Yorkshire, England, Uses Historical records and satellite data to find archaeological sites.
Blackburn's team Used commercial data Taken From Satellites, Suchi as Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 (Which ALSO supply data for Google Earth), to find-the site, Which the locateds in Spain's Doñana National Park. "Obviously, it's a very bold Thing to say," Blackburn said, Who Has a background in business and finance. "Everybody going to have the [one of] two opinion. That the One 'This the great. Let's have a look at it, 'and one Will Be' That's a load of rubbish. " [The 25 Strangest Sites on Google Earth]
What They found
The company's Researchers thing to look for an after-the-site in Spain two reading Plato's Dialogues on Atlantis, Blackburn said. They looked at ALSO Another text, pocket Blackburn Which one will not say. "That we will not share in a public forum at Print stage," Blackburn said, Adding, however, That he expects the-WRITING That Will Be Submitted for scrutiny "in-the fullness of time."
Text in Documents These included descriptions That Plato's "in front of Greek-the-mouth Which you call, as you say, 'the pillars of Heracles,' there's an island Which lay Was Larger Than Libya and Asia Together." Suchi descriptions led to Burrows Merlin-the Spanish coast, near-the Strait of Gibraltar, Blackburn said. There, the-team found severals archaeological clue: Large circles That were possibly the-bases of ancient towers, the-ruins of What-the claimed team May BE-the Temple of Poseidon and a greenish-blue patina coating some of the-ruins – for details That Plato included in his Dialogues, Blackburn said. [10 Biggest Historical Mysteries That Will Probably Never Be Solved]
The team found ALSO-the remaini of a long sea wall, as well as signs of a tsunami, Which Could BE of-the-evidence Drowned That cataclysmic event-the society, Blackburn said.
"The Atlantis cities, Which are very detailed in Plato's WRITING, theres really are for everyone to see," Blackburn said.
Next, Merlin Burrows tooks samples of material – Which the likely human-made CONCRETE, Blackburn said – from The circle-shaped POSSIBLE Foundations And The temple ruins. The company Gave Materials These samples to a laboratory in Italy, analysis, dated them to Which Between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago, Blackburn said. However, by press time, Blackburn thought not said Which Methods Used to date the-the-laboratory CONCRETE.
Merlin Films Ingenio and Burrows have made a two-hour Documentary called "Atlantica" about-the Finding, and Blackburn said he expects the-companies to make more documentaries.
"What we really Wanna Wanna we do the find-the franchise," Blackburn said. "We Want to make an awful lot of money out of it. And With That money, we support Wanna-the archaeological community."
Merlin Burrows isnt-the first group to claim the Atlantis That locateds in southern Spain. In "Atlantis Rising," National Geographic announced That thought network-the-evidence found Atlantis That Was locateds in Doñana National Park, as did a 2004 study in-the journal Antiquity. And Maria Elena Whishaw, director of Spanish-the Anglo-American School of Archeology, Published in 1929-the-book "Atlantis in Andalusia," (Rider & Company) Which region-the hypothesized That Was a colony of Atlantis.
It's no wonder the Southern Spain a spot of interest, as people did long ago theres live. In a new study in the-the-December issue of Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Researchers found That What Humans lived in the Doñana National Park now about 5,000 years ago, According to an analysis of pollens and microscopic remaini in-the area's sediment.
That study Revealed That Was the-park ABOVES sea level CERTAIN During periods, includingï¼-the-the Neolithic and Copper Ages. Researchers found ALSO That Doñana National Park seats upon Holocene sediments That Started to accumulate about 7,000 years ago. "Below These sediments are pre-Holocene sedimentary deposits and layers of fossilized sands That date From Thousands of Years Earlier," said Juan José Villarías Robles, study co-Researchers and vice director of the-Institute of Language Literature and Anthropology at-the Center for Human and Social Sciences in Madrid.
If the-dating of-the 10,000- to 12,000-year-old specimens CONCRETE Reported by the Merlin Burrows ACCURATE, THENI thoses Could BE samples from The pre-Holocene formations, Villarías-Robles said. But, at least-for Print Location, That date does not match up With an Atlantis-type society, he said. "However, assuming the-material the man-made (Which the a big Assumption), the-date Takes us, From a culture-history Perspective, down to Palaeolithic and post times Palaeolithic," Villarías Robles told Live Science in an email. "These are times of-the hunters and gatherers, Rather Than Creators and thoses of-the ruler of an Extensive Agricultural, cattle-breeding, maritime polity [like Atlantis]. " [In Images: An Ancient European Hunter Gatherer]
Pick and Choose
Meanwhile, Feder (the anthropologist at Central Connecticut State University) questioned why Merlin Submitted Burrows thought not its findings to a journal peer-reviewed literature, Which would give Scientists Other Research-the-the chance to vet. "It immediately TURN OFF my bullshit detector whens somebody, That INSTEAD of doing, makes-the announcement through a press release, a press conference, a web page or a Documentary," Feder said.
In his book "Encyclopedia of Dubious Archeology: From Atlantis to-the Walam production volume" (Greenwood, 2010), Feder found 53 Specific descriptions of Atlantis in Plato's Dialogues, includingï¼ That the-city thought bridges Connecting rings of land, as well as a central island Surrounded by a stone wall on Every side. That said descriptions ALSO Poseidon's temple in Atlantis Ivory thought of a roof, walls and pinnacles of silver of gold. It's common for amateaur Scientists to check off a FEW These boxes of pocket rare for anyone to go through-the Entire checklist, Feder said. [How Plausible Are These 20 Imaginary Worlds?]
The area the "a very Interesting spot," That boot fact "Quite obviously" is not news, said Mark Adams, author of "Meet Me in Atlantis: My Quest to Find 2,000-Year-Old-the Sunken City" (Dutton, 2015). Archaeologist-years have becomes known for southern Spain That Was a maritime trading hotspot in antiquity, Adams told Live Science.
"Does that make it [this area] Atlantis? I can not say for sure, 'no, pocket I'm not ANY Seeing new-evidence That sways me' towards yes, Adams said, Watching an after-the new "Atlantica" trailer. Like Feder, Adams said That a FEW aspects of Meet-the-the Atlantis site checklist, includingï¼ That-the region experienced a cataclysmic Earthquakes and floods, That pocket Other aspects are missing.
Adams said he would take an Atlantis Proposal Seriously ow more thought to key details From Plato's Dialogues, includingï¼-the city's unique layout of concentric circles (like a bull's eye) of sea and dry land. (These concentric circles are different Than the-polka dot-like circles That Merlin Burrows found are on the landscape.) Or, Perhaps, Archaeologist Will Find an inscription about Atlantis in an Egyptian temple, wherein, According to Plato's WRITING, the-original description Was found , Adams said.
"What a lot of people do the ll They take-the parts of Plato's story – and theres's tons of information in there, Which the why Print the so fun to play With – it really the like a treasure map – and They take the-parts That match With their hypothesis and leave quietly They out-the-parts With That do not match their hypothesis, "Adams said. [Rumor or Reality: The Creatures of Cryptozoology]
In reality, it's likely That Plato twisted Together Elements of different stories Myth and thought he heard, sculpting That Into-the likely source material-the fictional story of society of Atlantis, the-Advanced, yet That corrupts society-the gods destroyed. "[Plato] WRITING Print wasnt down as a land surveyor's report That Could people follow 2,400-years later, "Adams said." He Was using Print to make a philosophical argument. "
Put Another way, "People VERY OFTEN claim to have found Atlantis," a classical Archaeologist in England, Who declined to BE NAMED, told Live Science. "They'd But ow-the text read, They would realizes that's it Was a legend, not a place."
Originally Published on Live Science.