Friday , December 3 2021

Before the night is lead around the world, and the reasons have to do with us


The world has not done enough to improve vaccination coverage, and now, measles is experiencing a revival in almost every corner of the world.

The last year, the number of & # 39; measles cases reported spiked with & # 39; more than 30 percent worldwide, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO) and Mainland US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Experts have been warning for years that something like this could have happened. Because even if the vaccine can & # 39; avoid easily by & # 39; two doses of & # 39; vaccine, we need about 95% of & # 39; cover to stop outbreaks from happening.

Today, this goal is still distant way. For almost a decade, we failed to achieve that passed the mark vaccination coverage & # 39; 85 percent. And after years of & # 39; breeding, gaps in vaccination finally taking the fare.

In 2017, the new report found that five of the six WHO regions of the world experienced a sharp increase in measles outbreaks, especially in the Americas, Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. Only in the Western Pacific, the number of & # 39; & # 39 cases; measles fails.

"Without urgent efforts to increase the coverage of vaccination and to identify populations with & # 39; unacceptable levels & # 39; children under age or without immunity, we we risk losing tens of & # 39; year & # 39; progress in the protection of children and communities against this devastating disease but completely avoided ", warns Soumya Swaminathan, Deputy Director General for Programs in the WHO.

To properly understand what it means to the world, we look back a few generations.

Before 1963, when there was no vaccine against measles, the world has experienced major outbreaks & # 39; measles every few years, and caused 2.6 million deaths each year.

Fifty years later, the world is closer than ever to eliminate this disease highly contagious and potentially fatal. In fact, countries such as USA, UK, Australia, New Zealand and Japan have already done so, and many other nations are on the brink of doing the same.

Thanks & # 39; this global effort, since the start of the century, the vaccine against measles saved over 21 million lives, and reduced the overall number of & # 39; b & # 39 deaths; 80 percent just 17 years.

But after years of & # 39; progress, things started to turn for the worst, thanks in large part to a lack of & # 39; increased funding and misinformation.

"The resurgence of measles is & # 39; serious concern, with extended outbreaks occur across regions, and particularly in & # 39; countries have achieved, or were close to reaching measles elimination", Swaminathan said.

Measles of & # 39; observation makes global comeback is kind & # 39; in character as they & # 39; film & # 39; horror to make decisions slowly filled. As a global community, we know that there are safe and effective way to eradicate measles are at your fingertips and still keep the failure to use the weapon in hand.

Instead, we face the stairs again & # 39; other.

In 2017, the report found that 20.8 million babies worldwide have not received the first vaccine against measles.

"The increase in measles cases is deep concern, but not surprising," says Seth Berkley, CEO & # 39; Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

Many public health experts have seen this year. Organizations such as the WHO and its partners in the yarn and Rubella Initiative warned earlier if vaccination rates are not strengthened, this disease can & # 39; & # 39 can be avoided; recover.

But with the measles today is & # 39; much less threatening, many nations have become redundant in their attempts to ensure its elimination. In addition, false rumors, misconceptions and myths about the vaccine only served to fuel & # 39; recent outbreaks.

In Europe, for example, here misinformed about the measles vaccine is particularly evident, the vaccination coverage in & # 39; some areas is less than 70 percent.

"The kumpliċenza about the disease and spreading false about the vaccine in Europe, a & # 39; health system interfere in Venezuela and pockets & # 39; fragility and low coverage & # 39; immunization in Africa are joining forces to bring global resistance & # 39; measles after year & # 39; progress ", explains Berkley.

The authors of the report are calling for urgent action. They say that we need sustained investment to the services & # 39; & # 39 vaccines; routine can be enhanced, especially among the poorest and most marginalized communities.

At the same time, they also argue that we must ensure public support for immunizations, and hesitation combat misinformation about vaccines as possible & # 39; possible.

"Existing strategies need to be changed: more effort needs to increase coverage & # 39; & # 39 immunization, routine and strengthen health systems", arguing Berkley.

"Otherwise we continue to accept one outbreak after another."

This report was published by the World Health Organization.

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