Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian filmatur the sensual movies and his stylistic vision ranged from intense drama of room for panoramic historical epics, died Monday at his home in & # 39; Rome. He was 77.
His death was confirmed by his wife, Clare Peploe, f & # 39; statement did not specify the cause.
The early work of Mr. Bertolucci reflected the revolutionary spirit of the 60s and 70s, b & # 39; in particular the change of social and sexual hours of the times.
He inspiration from the new wave French and & # 39; routinely worked border and & # 39; international casts.
The Last Emperor (1987), a lavish biopic of & # 39; Pu Yi, who became emperor of China at the age of & # 39; 3 years, won nine & # 39; Academy Awards for which it was nominated, including Best Picture and Best Director.
But the most famous – and most controversial – film & # 39; Bertolucci was earlier in his career: Last Tango in & # 39; Paris (1972), intense sexual explicit representation of the relationship between American widower & # 39; mean age and younger French (employed by Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, respectively). The film was praised by some for pushing the boundaries of sexual representation, and denounced by others as misoginiċi or pornographic.
Last Tango received an X rating, landed on the covers of & # 39; Time and Newsweek, and earned US $ 36 million in the US office boxes only. In Italy, the film was the subject of & # 39; proof & # 39; long obscenity. In 1976, the Italian Supreme Court ordered all copies destroyed and a suspended sentence of Mr. Bertolucci & # 39; four & # 39; months.
Bernardo Bertolucci was born in the 16 & # 39; March, 1941, in & # 39; Parma, Italy, into a wealthy family and artistically inclined. His father, Attilio, was a renowned poet and occasional film critic; mother, Ninetta, taught literature. As a teenager, after the family had gone in & # 39; Rome, began making short films with & # 39; & # 39 campaġġ of borrowed; 16 millimeters.
Despite early success as a poet – a collection of his poetry won the prestigious Viareggio Prize in 1962 – Mr. Bertolucci chose to devote himself to cinema. Expanded & # 39; the history & # 39; Pier Paolo Pasolini from treatment, directed his debut, The Grim Reaper, Premiered at the Film Festival & # 39; Venice in 1962.
Even more than Mr. Pasolini, Jean-Luc Godard was an important early influence. Mr. Godard listening & # 39; heavily on third feature of Mr. Bertolucci – and experimental – partner (1968), re-work & # 39; Fyodor Dostoevsky & # 39; s double.
Night and lifelong member of the Italian Communist Party in his 20s and 30s, Mr. Bertolucci began raising doubts about the viability of political films by his work grew more popular. "You can not make political films in & # 39; business situation", said in & # 39; interview & # 39; The New York Times in 1973. "The more revolutionary film, at least the public accept."
with Last Tango in & # 39; Paris, He left questions & # 39; political idealism and guilt that had worried him and to the sexual revolution that will then be continued. In interviews in & # 39; that time, he referred to sex as "the only thing that still seems true" and "a new type of & # 39; language".
Last Tango in & # 39; Paris premiered at the New York Film Festival in & # 39; 1972, and immediately rose to the status & # 39; cultural event. The critic Pauline Kael ipproklamaha film as "the most erojotiku film ever made" and compared his prize for first execution & # 39; Igor Stravinsky Rite of Spring.
Ms. Schneider himself that she was traumatized by the movie. The actress, who died in 2011, was only 19 at the filmazzjoni and told the Daily Mail in 2007 scene & # 39; rape involving stick & # 39; butter was included without warning.
"Marlon told me:" Maria, do not worry, it's just a film, "but during the scene, even though what he was doing Marlon was real, I was crying real tears. I felt humiliated and, to be honest, I felt a little stupid, both Marlon and by Bertolucci. After the scene, Marlon did not console me or apologize. B & # 39; good fortune, there was only one decision, "she said.
The success of 70 years The conformist, Established during the Mussolini era and based on a novel & # 39; Alberto Moravia, and Last Tango allowed Mr. Bertolucci starts his most ambitious film, 1900, Multigenerational family saga about the fight & # 39; class with great international departure including Robert De Niro, Gérard Depardieu, Burt Lancaster, Donald Sutherland and Dominique Sanda.
Mr. Bertolucci revealed cutting & # 39; 5 ½ hours Film Festival & # 39; Cannes in 1976 to mixed reviews. Mr. Bertolucci produced version & # 39; four & # 39; hours for US release year & # 39; after.
In 1978, Mr. Bertolucci married Ms Peploe, who had worked as an assistant director on 1900. He wrote his next film, Luna (1979) – about opera singer (Jill Clayburgh) and her son – it & # 39; Ms. Peploe and his brother, Giuseppe. The Tragedy & # 39; Ridiculous Man (1981) Ugo Tognazzi won the Best Actor Award at & # 39; Cannes.
Mr. Bertolucci turned back in & # 39; epic mode with & # 39; The Last Emperor, The first Western feature was allowed to filmata Projbitata in the City & # 39; Beijing.
Operated by weak health problems and & # 39; later, Mr. Bertolucci dderudi his final film, I and you (2012), a wheelchair.