The independent police watchdog & # 39; Ontario says that there is systemic racism in the Police Service & # 39; Thunder Bay and the failure of & # 39; at least nine & # 39; investigations into the deaths of & # 39; Indigenous peoples in & # 39; in recent years was "so problematic" that they should be reopened.
The findings are part of highly critical report The released Wednesday report & # 39; 200 pages plus is the result of & # 39; probe & # 39; two years from the Director & # 39; Independent Police Review provincial Gerry McNeilly and his office, and examined allegations of & # 39; racism on how the local force investigating the deaths and disappearances of & # 39; Indigenous peoples.
The report says there is a "crisis & # 39; trust" between the police service and Indigenous communities, and this goes back a few & # 39; years.
"Failure to make adequate inquiries and premature conclusions drawn in & # 39; these cases is, at least in part, attributable to racist attitudes and racial stereotypes," he wrote McNeilly. "Officials repeatedly invoked generalized notions about how indigenous people work & # 39; likely to die and have acted, or failed to act, based on & # 39; those prejudices."
The report also found "serious deficiencies" in & # 39; & # 39 scores, death investigations by the city police where indigenous people were the victims.
"The finding that my investigations have been affected by racial discrimination does not represent all determination [Thunder Bay police] officials engaged in intentional racism. However, b & # 39; generally find that systemic racism exists in 2010 [the Thunder Bay Police Service] f & # 39; institutional level. "
Investigating & # 39; McNeilly found failures in & # 39; number & # 39; areas, including:
- The police did not follow tintervistax or witnesses or people & # 39; interests.
- Gathering evidence and bad management.
- Lack & # 39; communication with koronaturi and pathologists.
- F & # 39; number & # 39; & # 39 cases; death by & # 39; drowning or exposure, was not thorough enough investigating to see if someone else was responsible for the victim to end up in the water or incapacitated.
The probe examined 37 death investigation in & # 39; blow dating back to 2009, including taking & # 39; random samples and cases specifically identified. The review also examined cases which were the subject of & # 39; inquiry & # 39; Coroner of & # 39; month in deaths & # 39; seven & # 39; students of the First Women in the city.
McNeilly also examined cases in the mandate of national inquiry Indigenous Women and Girls Missing Indigenous and Killed (MMIWG), and conducted dozens of & # 39; meetings in the city to collect feedback from indigenous leaders, police, various service organizations and members of the public.
The systemic probe came after further investigation by the director & # 39; police review the way the Thunder Bay police investigated the death of & # 39; Stacy DeBungee in 2015. The report found grounds for negligence & # 39; anti three officers; whether they will face disciplinary hearings on those charges on the Police Services Act has not been determined.
The report & # 39; McNeilly made a total of & # 39; 44 recommendations, including a call for the ninth & # 39; re investigations. It should also form a team to determine whether it needs additional reopen cases, according to the report.
McNeilly wrote that the death investigation & # 39; DeBungee be considered for reinvestigation.
Other recommendations include the Thunder Bay police:
- Be peer-reviewed by another force for at least three years.
- Consider out some investigations to other police services.
- Improvement of personnel, training and operations – including strengthening Unit & # 39; Link Aborġinali and its better integration in force operations.
Several recommendations were aimed at other parties, including the board of the local police – McNeilly jappellah to formally recognize racism in the force and act as & # 39; leadership in repairing the relationship between service and Indigenous communities – as well as the province, the Forensic Pathology Service & # 39; Ontario and the koronaturi offices.
Chief among those are calls for pathological forensic unit in town, ideally held together with regional koronatur office.
The Board of Police Services & # 39; Thunder Bay is also under a separate investigation by Sen. Murray Sinclair. CBC News to announce that he will recommend that the board be dismantled for a year and appoint an interim administrator.
"Inot sensitive treatment"Suggests a culture of & # 39; ' racial discrimination "
The report & # 39; Wednesday highlighted some of the submissions made to the office of the director of the police throughout the review process showing broken relationship and lack of & # 39; trust between the police and Indigenous communities. The review found "disturbing pattern" of & # 39; interactions involving officials and the First Nations People "ranged from allegations of & # 39; serious attacks for insensitive or unprofessional conduct."
One of the allegations & # 39; attacks dated from the late 80s, but McNeilly wrote that "such events do not appear as isolated incidents."
The of Heaven director office & # 39; also allegations of so-called strange tours, where indigenous people are taken into a police cruiser in & # 39; remote locations and forced to move to the city, along with & # 39; Other reports & # 39; accidents, as officials repeatedly apply the brakes when its at the back of & # 39; police vehicle.
The report & # 39; McNeilly also noted several accounts & # 39; "Insensitive treatment & # 39; Indigenous peoples suggesting police culture & # 39; racial discrimination."
The report of the director of the review stated that the attachment of & # 39; "few bad apples" for the poor relationship between the police and Indigenous people "reduces the capacity to repair b & # 39; constructive way the damage of racism. "
The police submissions to the director of the review showed that the force acknowledges problems in her relationship with & # 39; Indigenous people, but says it has been taking steps since 1995 to improve, and by & # 39; part of more than two dozen community initiatives, is making "significant improvements following these relationships and continue to do so."
Operationally, the force said it carried out several internal audits, including about policies governing deaths in & # 39; blow, missing persons and the release of & # 39; media releases. Police also submitted the progress made through said & # 39; project & # 39; organizational change, launched in 2017.
McNeilly acknowledged in its report the steps taken by the police service in & # 39; in recent years, and publicly supported a number of & # 39; changes the force said it did and is doing. But it concluded that the force needs to make major changes with & # 39; operating mode and addressing internal service culture as belonging to Indigenous peoples.
"We can not miss the opportunity – again & # 39; other – to make a real change", he wrote.
F & # 39; statement, the police chief Thunder Bay, Sylvie Hauth, responded to the report by saying: "We recognize that there are systemic barriers in the police to be addressed. This is a very extensive report and we will need time to study and consider the specific recommendations.
"With the help of & # 39; this report, the service continues to work for the police without prejudice", says the statement. "In the coming days, will address these recommendations. It is our hope that they will be & # 39; great value as we continue to build trust with the indigenous community."