Monday , January 24 2022

E Cigarettes Encourages Progress Adolescent Tobacco



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CARISA D. Brewster

e-cigarettesAdding to & # 39; growing body & # 39; research on the effects of & # 39; the electronic cigarette use suggests that adolescents who use electronic systems & # 39; delivery & # 39; nicotine to increase their chances of & # 39; Subsequent use of & # 39; & # 39 in combustible cigarettes, some capacity.

"The use of & # 39; electronic cigarettes has been associated with & # 39; subsequent start & # 39; use of & # 39; combustible cigarettes in & # 39; many studies both in the US and around the world", said the author & # 39; main study, Jessica L. Barrington, Trimis, PhD, assistant professor of Preventive Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine, University & # 39; Southern California. "However, there has been less research on model & # 39; use of cigarettes beyond the beginning."

E-cigarette battery powered device used to draw the aerosol usually contains nicotine, spices (such as cinnamon or cherry), propylene glycol and glycerin. As introduced on the market only 11 years ago, research on the effects on health electronic cigarette is still in its initial phase. While electronic cigarettes have fewer chemicals than combustible cigarettes still contain nicotine, which is addictive, plus & # 39; carcinogens and other toxic chemicals, according to the National Institutes of Health.

The Centers for Control and Prevention of Diseases (CDC) also reported that between 2011 and 2017, the use of electronic cigarettes increased among students & # 39; middle and high school. For students & # 39; the middle school, use increased from 0.6% to 3.3%. The use of & # 39; high school increased from 1.5% to 11.5%.

The participants for this study included subjects from Study on the southern Children Child Health & # 39; California (CHS), Happiness and Health Study (H & H) and -Yale teenage Survey Study. Adolescents in & # 39; & # 39 levels, ranging from 9 degreesth and 12th degrees, self-reported, at baseline, as "never users", "never users", "experimenters", "infrequent users" or "frequent users" of & # 39; tobacco products. Those groups were then divided into & # 39; that used combustible cigarettes, e-cigarettes, or both in 30 days & # 39; before.

The investigators found that among adolescents who began as users ever, the electronic cigarette users were more likely to become test (OR = 4.58; 95% CI: 3.56 – 5.88), infrequent (OR = 4.27; 95 % CI: 2.75 – 6.62) or frequent (oR = 3.51; 95% CI: 1.97 – 6.24) of combustible cigarette users.

"We also found that those who smoke cigarettes at baseline x & # 39; is likely to continue to smoke cigarettes (without or without simultaneous use of & # 39; electronic cigarettes) to transition to exclusive use of & # 39; cigarettes electronic or non & # 39; & # 39 use, a product ", said Barrington-Trimis.

Few teenagers smoked more than 5 days in 30 days & # 39; before, so the researchers could not closely examine the progression of smoking & # 39; day. The studies were also based on the regions, so it is unclear how these findings apply to other populations in the United States.

"We need to understand whether certain electronic cigarette features – or certain types of & # 39; electronic cigarette – that make it more or less likely that youth smokers will experiment with & # 39; security or already going smoke can leaving a & # 39; cigarettes to e-cigarettes or any use of & # 39; nicotine, "said Barrington, Trimis.

The study, "Use & # 39; electronic cigarettes and Frequency & # 39; subsequent Smoking Among Adolescents Children", was published online in 2008 Pediatrics.

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