Transport Canada has established strict new rules & # 39; safety in an effort to ensure that pilots are well rested and alert.
The new regulations are designed to limit any activity that you & # 39; hinders the ability of & # 39; pilot performing tasks, and affect large international and smaller regional carriers.
The updated regulations on the Canadian Aviation, announced Wednesday by the Minister of Transport, Marc Garneau, also limit how pilots can fly to treat the cabin fatigue of the pilot, and to synchronize with Member US and European Union.
The pilots are prohibited from consuming alcohol for 12 hours before a flight, an increase from the current limit & # 39; eight hours.
Several airlines, including Air Canada, have already announced a general ban on cannabis consumption on and off duty.
"The new regulations Transport & # 39; Canada align with today's scientific data, international standards and best practices, and respond to concerns raised by communities, pilots and airlines' , said Garneau.
The changes also explain the new limits flight and duty.
The current Canadian rules laid down in the seventies allow working day & # 39; 14 consecutive hours at & # 39; & # 39 period; 24 hours; New rules state that from 9 to 13 hours.
The flight limit is determined by many factors, including what time the crew starts to change.
The time of the duty depending on the time of day to begin the flight. Pilot to stop, for example, 8 a.m., will have a period of & # 39; duty longer than & # 39; pilot stops at 11 & # 39; in the morning. because Transport Canada says that pilots are shown to be more alert and aware at certain times of the day.
Unless the pilot departs and lands are also a factor in determining the length of working time. The new rules will take into account the fatigue aspect of the number of departure and landing pillar must suffer.
Changes in regulations are expected to cost about the airline industry about $ 337 million over 15 years, mainly due to the need for more pilots.
The major airlines will have two years to implement the new regulations will have four smaller & # 39; years.