Tuesday , August 9 2022

GPS bike share program in China credited with reducing gridlock and smog


The smog hanging over Beijing. It is a brown haze smell vomja smoker, empty traffic lanes and pedestrians to wear face masks.

The main culprits are the factories & # 39; steel nearby plants and heating coal. But the five million car city add a lot to the toxic mix, and create air of & # 39; is often classified as "hazardous" by the World Air Quality Index Project.

"The traffic jam not only block the streets," said one woman called Li. "They block the air."

Now a partial solution can & # 39; swivels rescue on two wheels.

Since the beginning of last year, Chinese cities were 23 million bicycles equipped with & # 39; GPS devices, part of a program & # 39; Wheel division was credited with traffic patterns changing across the country and reviving way & # 39; transport has been declining rapidly.

Research from the Information Technology Institute and China Communications (CIICT) revealed that in & # 39; one day the last year, the illogghet system 70 million rider – three to four & # 39, rides for each wheel.

According to studies the industry mapping here, the program has reduced car trips to the city by 7.4 percent in & # 39; some areas and 3.8 percent of the total car trips in & # 39; these cities.

"For years, we thought that the way to reduce traffic congestion in & # 39; Beijing was to build more roads and lots of & # 39; parking," said Zhao Yixin, planner with & # 39; the Institute of Urban Transport to advise the government of the city. "We have learned that does not work. There is always more cars and more traffic."

"But these wheels are actually having an impact", he said.

"Convenient" and "good for environment"

This is not the first project & # 39; bicycle sharing in China. Several years ago, introduced a variety of & # 39; systems based on the docks, which were rarely used. There were enough bikes or docks, and cities with & # 39; more than 10 million people, the docks were rarely in & # 39; places where people have the most need.

The Chinese cities saw revenue & # 39; 23 million bicycles equipped with GPS, which are part of a program & # 39; share & # 39; credited with bicycle traffic patterns changing across the country. (Saša Petricic / CBC)

By the time it was introduced last system, the drivers & # 39; travel in & # 39; Beijing (to 22 million) was low and loose.

This, in & # 39; a city where bikes had few tens of & # 39; years ago.

The new system was driven by technology pioneer & # 39; students at the University & # 39; Peking looking for cheap and convenient way & # 39; around. They wanted one that allows users to confuse the public transit and bicycles, even opened the maze of the city Hutong, Narrow back alleys of traditional quarters & # 39; Beijing.

B & # 39; difference programs & # 39; common share of the wheel in western cities, this Chinese system does not use the new stations & # 39; docking. Instead, the bikes can be collected and dropped quite everywhere – from the subway stops for building & # 39; the office door & # 39; front driver.

The phone application detect the wheel bar code and sign release the lock remotely. Each bike has a GPS tracker, so that companies know where each rider goes. The standard cost is & # 39; about 20 cents per hour.

Riders growers to pick the colorful bikes & # 39; Dongdaqiao outside the station & # 39; Beijing say the main draw is exactly what those original students designed.

"The bikes are cheap and are everywhere", said one young man. "So I had no need to buy one myself."

"It's convenient for me and good for the environment," said a woman through the mask of her face.

According to Chinese research, the new program & # 39; participate in cycling reduced the carbon dioxide emissions by & # 39; about 4 million tons the last year, roughly the equivalent of & # 39; 900,000 car off road. (Saša Petricic / CBC)

One of the major companies of shared bicycles, Didi Chuxing, said its marketing surveys show that helping the environment is great motivation for users. This is especially true among those under 30 years of age, forming half the skills for broken bikes, said Fu Qiang, the senior vice president of the company.

"People in China are concerned about air and their living conditions, and are increasingly willing to make an effort to improve the environment", he said.

According to the research CIICT, this car share program reduced the carbon dioxide emissions by & # 39; & # 39 about four; million tons the last year. This is the equivalent of & # 39; more than 900,000 car off road.

Smaller-scale studies in local programs & # 39; participate in cycling in cities & # 39; North America & # 39; American and European suggesting similar benefits, but nothing on this scale.

Some growing pains

The technology based on GPS is now spreading in & # 39; other parts of the world, such as U.S. and Britain. It is expected to be available by & # 39; & # 39 as widely, in Canada over the coming years.

But there have been growing pains. Some in China have called the wheel phenomenon is nothing less than "invasion" and "plague".

The convenience to leave the bikes everywhere means allowing everywhere – on people's door, before the central and in the middle of the road.

Two hundred Chinese city struggled to make room for the machines and bring order to chaos on the pavement. As competing companies clearly their swim the cycling market, often pedestrians must go beyond rows or stacks & # 39; & # 39 thousands; tightly packed bicycles.

Some cities are literally responded by breaking off the road in & # 39; sites & # 39; landfill. Pictures and videos & # 39; & # 39 large piles; colorful bikes sparked heated debate on the internet in China.

Some Chinese cities have responded to piles of & # 39; rented bikes discarded by literally cheat them out of the way and f & # 39; sites & # 39; landfills. (Reuters)

The cities & # 39; Shanghai and Beijing tightened rules which may be cycling, making companies responsible for their redistribution daily, or give incentives to drivers to leave the wheel b & # 39 ; most orderly in & # 39; selected locations.

There were also problems on the roads. Since the late eighties, Beijing was a city b & # 39; broad side rates are devoted to bicycle traffic. But over time, they were transferred from the car, forcing bikes to get sick b & # 39; dangerous way through the gridlock.

"We need nirriklamaw these spaces", said Zhao planner of the city, suggested to remove cars parked everywhere and routinely use lanes designed for two wheels, not four.

Beijing says it intends to block all roads only to re-wheels. Didi Chuxing, the company sharing the wheel, recommended special signs & # 39; wheels for traffic lights at major intersections.

There are limitations on how it can & # 39; runs. In China, as in most places, the wheels are most useful for short distances in relatively good weather. Flat cities like Beijing have an advantage.

Still, experts like Zhao account the experience of China "a & # 39; inspiration" and a positive surprise at how technology has changed how people use old green vehicles and family to exploit the environmentally unfavorable car.

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