Tuesday , July 27 2021

How to Land on Mars



Check weather
3 hours before landing

Impression of & # 39; artist by NASA / Martin Kornmesser

After six months & # 39; journey from Earth, the spacecraft Insight located on a precise trajectory to land on the red planet.

About three hours before landing, the mission navigators have made a final chance to adjust the time or alignment & # 39; Insight to avoid any bad weather & # 39; Martian dust hazardous.

Separate from the cruise stage
¾ 13 minutes before landing

Insight Before entering the Martian atmosphere, the spacecraft will be shared by the cruise stage solar panels and switch to battery power.

The lighting and communications take 8 minutes and 7 seconds to reach Mars from Earth, so we will not know if the landing & # 39; Insight was success or failure until it passed.

Enter atmosphere
6 ¾ minutes before landing

Insight will go into thin marzjana atmosphere at & # 39; about 12,300 miles per hour.

The spacecraft has hit in & # 39; & # 39 angle; 12 degrees to survive. Too steep and Insight will burn; too low and it will skip across the atmosphere and back into space.

Use & # 39; parachute
3 minutes, 7 seconds before landing

Insight will decrease rapidly as tears through the Martian atmosphere, then place about seven supersonic parachute & # 39; & # 39 miles; above the surface.

Drop the heat shield
2 minutes, 52 seconds before landing

An outbreak & # 39; pyrotechnic release the heat shield of & # 39; Insight, newly inħarat heat income. The reception is thicker than previous missions, in case Insight is forced down by heavy dust.

Extend legs
2 minutes, 42 seconds before landing

Ten seconds later, more pyrotechnics would extend three feet to absorb shocks of the spacecraft. Thereafter, Insight will turn on its radar to feel the ground.

Fall & # 39; the shell & # 39; after
45 seconds before landing

Less than a minute before landing, Insight will come and get some distance from its parachute and shell & # 39; & # 39 after b; nothing for a moment.

Wheels Wheel
44 seconds before landing

The consignor must emit 12 small rocket to move lower and more & # 39; away from the falling parachute & # 39 ;.

slow downloaded
15 seconds before landing

Having set its horizontal movement, Insight will begin smooth landing & # 39; about eight feet per second.

Land on Mars

NASA expects to receive confirmation & # 39; landing Monday in & # 39; around 2:53 p.m. Eastern Time.

If hit by Insight & # 39; successful, will be the first landing & # 39; Mars landing of the complex & # 39; Curiosity Rover in 2012.




Insight & # 39; s planned

the landing area

Insight & # 39; s planned

the landing area

Insight & # 39; s planned

the landing area

Insight & # 39; s planned

the landing area

Insight is aiming for a broad plain called equatorial Elysium Planitia.

The plain can & # 39; make for boring pictures, but is considered a place of & # 39; ideal for landing mission to study the planet's interior.

solar panels
20 minutes after landing

After waiting & # 39; ovation for his feet to spread dust from landing, Insight will prepare its two solar panels.

The arter then then cut & # 39; a few days to check its systems and take images of the site & # 39; landing.

Get to work
A few days after landing

In the days and weeks after landing, Insight will measure its area, measured and tirripraċċa b & # 39; precisely the area around the operator and then use its robotic arm to place at three carefully instruments on the Martian surface.

Sismometru accurate precisely under protective dome will hear & # 39; marsquakes and purification heat probe covers internal temperature of the planet.

For more insight on what it hopes to learn on Mars, see a preview below or mission to explore Mars in Insight and & # 39; augmented reality.

Unloading the recent land & # 39; Mars

NASA / Jet Propulsion Laboratory / University & # 39; Arizona

The Rover Curiosity touched in & # 39; & # 39 in August 2012; Gale Crater, about 340 miles south of the site & # 39; the planned landing & # 39; Insight.

The curiosity is visible as darker tip inside the small patch of landing & # 39; above, where the bright surface dust created during landing.

NASA / Jet Propulsion Laboratory / University & # 39; Arizona

The design & # 39; Insight into many Phoenix mission & # 39; success, which met near the Martian north pole in 2008.

orbitanti Phoenix spacecraft photographed and dropped his parachute before the krater of & # 39; Heimdal, above.

Landings unsuccessfully

NASA / Jet Propulsion Laboratory / University & # 39; Arizona

In 2016, the plant & # 39; & # 39 Schiaparelli suffered in; Mars after conflicting estimates & # 39; its altitude to drop caused by heat shield too early.

NASA / Jet Propulsion Laboratory / University & # 39; Arizona

And in 2003, the actor refused Beagle 2 b & # 39; successful but could not communicate with Earth after failing to use all its solar panels.

Beagle 2 is the small white tip center in appearance & # 39; above.

Six months to Mars

Mars has an elliptical orbit to bring it close to Terra every two years. Launch & # 39; Insight was temporary for this window to reduce travel time.



launch Insight

5 & ​​# 39; May, 2018

launch Insight

5 & ​​# 39; May, 2018

launch Insight

5 & ​​# 39; May, 2018

Mars was closer to Earth in & # 39; late July and will re & # 39; back in 2020, when the Rover of & # 39; Mars (and helicopter) is scheduled to launch.

The journey of & # 39; Insight to Mars was relatively fast compared to & # 39; Other missions were launched in 2018. The BepiColombo spacecraft will take seven & # 39; years to reach Mercury and the Solar Probe will spend seven Parker & # 39; years to come & # 39; inside to touch the sun.

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Sources: NASA; Laboratory & # 39; Propulsion & # 39; Jet; Caltech. Estimates of the time updated by the Planetary Society, although the exact times depend on the landing conditions. Images from NASA / JPL-Caltech except where noted.


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