Published 11:47 p.m. ET November 23, 2018
What it takes to side & # 39; space & # 39; space & # 39; NASA descends on Mars.
NASA, Florida Today
CAPE Canaveral – Mars has a nasty habit to live up to its mythological name and offer the world when it comes to accepting visitors.
NASA & # 39; s Insight is the latest following spacecraft calling, b & # 39; & # 39 every intention, landing and further drilling on the planet than anything that came before. The sculptor arrive in & # 39; Mars Monday after shipment & # 39; six months.
"We have a number of & # 39; landing b & # 39; success accordingly. But you never know what Mars will throw you," said Rob Grover, chief engineer for the landing team Laboratory & # 39; Propulsion the Jets NASA.
Landing on Mars is always risky, Grover and other experts stress f & # 39; every opportunity.
Insight NASA mission, which will study the interior of & # 39; Mars, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in & # 39; California on Atlas V rocket on 7: 05 a.m. Eastern Time on Saturday 5 & # 39; May, 2018.
"Our job in the landing team should be paranoid about x & # 39; can go wrong and make sure we are doing everything we can to ensure that things go smoothly", said,
The numbers back him. About 40 percent of all missions to Mars – named after the Roman god of war – succeeded.
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"Go to Mars is really, really hard," said the top official scientific mission & # 39; NASA, Thomas Zurbuchen, to journalists earlier this week. "As humanity, explorers worldwide, we're batting about 50 percent – or less."
The United States is the only country to operate & # 39; spacecraft success on the Martian surface. Insight represents nine NASA attempt to place a spacecraft on Mars; Only one effort failed.
The mobile service tower at & # 39; SLC-3 is rolled to reveal the rocket Atlas V Alliance United Launch (AWU) with Insight NASA spacecraft aboard Friday 4 & # 39; May 2018 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in & # 39; California. (Photo: NASA / Bill Ingalls)
The last one – the car Curiosity NASA – still progressing after six years, b & # 39; more than 12 miles (20 kilometers) on its odometer. The older and younger Opportunity & # 39; space agency was roaming around until June, when global dust storm skompoġġaha & # 39; out of service. The flight controllers have not yet hope it will get & # 39; awareness.
The history & # 39; nearly 60 years & # 39; Humanity trying to come in & # 39; Mars include attempts to fly the Red Planet for making & # 39; picture without stopping, as well as the highly complicated efforts to space put the area around the red planet and to actually land.
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Mariner 4 & # 39; NASA conducted the first flyby b & # 39; success of the red planet in 1965, and returned 21 photo.
Mariner 9 made orbit around Mars and came back more than 7,000 photo.
And the Vikings 1 and 2 NASA not only put the spacecraft in & # 39; arbit around Mars in 1976, but on the surface, as well. The twin Vikings were the first provinces & # 39; success on Mars the planet Earth.
The nineties were not good for NASA. humiliating conversion & # 39; English metric conversion weakened the Observer & # 39; Mars in 1993. Another Orbitatur of & # 39; US lost later, as well as landing and two accompanying probes designed to penetrate the surface.
Overview Mission & # 39; Insight NASA Mars, scientists will run b & # 39; more information on how to Mars and other planets were formed.
Despite decades & # 39; & # 39 years; tried, Russia, b & # 39; in particular, had bad luck in & # 39; Mars.
The then Soviet Union was the first one who tried flyby of & # 39; Mars in 1960. The spacecraft never reached Earth orbit. After more failures & # 39; launch and flight accidents, the Soviżi finally got a pair of & # 39; spacecraft in orbit & # 39; Mars in 1971 and received actual data. But friends of friends were a total bust.
And so went to the Soviet / Russian by & # 39; attempt their most recent with China in 2011. The goal was raised to put a spacecraft on the moon & # 39; Mars Phobos to collect and return samples, and put the second spacecraft in & # 39; erbit around Mars. Neither made it out of Earth orbit.
Europe was also handles in & # 39; & # 39 snake in; Mars, as well as Japan.
While the European Space Agency satellites to work around Mars, two attempts & # 39; landing failed. Just two years ago, its sender hit the surface with & # 39; a rapid rate, facilitated the krater. The only spacecraft on the side of Japan, launched in 1998, did not make its orbit.
India, meanwhile, has been operating for four satellites around Mars & # 39; years, the first and sole shot at the red planet.
There is a strong European presence on NASA Insight. Germany is in charge of the mechanical mole that is designed to empty 16 feet (5 meters) into the Martian surface to take measurements of heat underground, while France seismometru manage the monitoring of the Quake arter.
On the surface, Curiosity is the only thing that operate on Mars. Currently in orbit: U.S. Odyssey since 2001, Mars Express & # 39; Europe (2003), U.S. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (2006), U.S. Maven (2014), Orbiter Mangalyaan of & # 39; India (2014) and European orbit of & # 39; Trace Gas (2016).
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