Dozens of & # 39; years after the eradication of polio from Papua New Guinea, the disease crippling and sometimes fatal returned, leaving doctors to destroy programs & # 39; long-term vaccination.
Until earlier this year, the poliovirus was endemic in only three countries in the world: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.
But relatively rare strain now spreading with & # 39; Papua New Guinea with rugged jungle, one of the poorest countries in the world.
Since the first case was found in & # 39; April – paralizzar of & # 39; son & # 39; six years called Gafo near the north coast – the nationwide polio infected dozens more, and forced the government to declare a national emergency.
Papua New Guinea, which today has a population & # 39; about eight million people, thought they had destroyed the wild strain of the virus in 1996, and was certified polio free in 2000.
But since then, experts say obsolete programs & # 39; vaccines and poor sanitation have left an open invitation to prehistoric foot again & # 39; back.
"Not surprisingly in & # 39; blow," said Monjur Hossain, UNICEF expert who lives in & # 39; Port Moresby.
"The government knew it," he told AFP. "We all know about."
In a cruel warning, the virus that affected Papua New John today – clinically known as VDPV1 – started life as a vaccine.
The much weakened version of polio virus was first ingested oral vaccine, before spreading throughout the community through the dirt.
Due to low levels of & # 39; immunization, the attenuated virus continued to circulate harmless person to person for a long period & # 39; time, which means that jimmutat f & # 39; more virulent strain.
Localized outbreaks like & # 39; polio vaccine was derived from previously detected in Horn & # 39; Africa, Syria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Still, the health care workers are convincing that the program benefits & # 39; vaccine outweigh the risk of & # 39; polio vaccine derived from.
Experts of the World Health Organization estimate that well over 10 million cases & # 39; poliovirus have been avoided worldwide because of widespread vaccination began two decades ago, a decrease of & # 39; 99 percent.
But even with modern treatment, an estimated & # 39; one case 100 & # 39; polio resulting in & # 39; irreversible paralysis. Fraction & # 39; those who are paralyzed die.
– "very high, very hard" –
Doctors in Papua New Guinea are trying to respond to the crisis by providing immunization throughout the country – b & # 39; at least three oral doses per child.
Hundreds & # 39; thousands have already been vaccinated.
Although the government and international support, the lack of & # 39; roads and terror of the country – particularly in the central hill – made it difficult.
Many villages can only be reached by air, or trips & # 39; rivers throughout the day.
Throw tribal violence & # 39; mix, malnutrition, drought, multiple outbreaks & # 39; other diseases such as measles and consequences of & # 39; huge earthquake & # 39; February and things have become more difficult.
"It's really challenging in & # 39; terms & # 39; access, f & # 39; terms & # 39; logistics", said Hossain. "It's very expensive and very hard."
One answer was to create mobile clinics traveling to villages & # 39; away from populated areas like Mount Hagen – which itself has little wittjati streets.
F & # 39; one clinic could close the raw stone market & # 39; Mount Hagen, the health worker Margaret Akima virtually transports mothers and their children in its barebones trailer.
In the first few days after the establishment, is administered over 100 doses of & # 39; day polio vaccine. By the last day of the period & # 39; weeks, it decreases to about 50.
From among the knots of & # 39; bored men – fighting, shouting and playing darts – Akima chose Maria Ponde of & # 39; 37 years.
She traveled to the Mount Hagen with her daughter & # 39; six years Warapnong daughter to buy a spade head.
"I did not nistennilha vaccination," said Ponde as dosing her daughter.
Warapnong already lost a few vaccine courses and received only by urge, and underlined how has the response recovery.