M & # 39; have a laugh, but the study of psychology student Chris Westbury is about farts.
It is also about snot, chortle, wienies, heinies and bozos; wriggly things that are, jiggly, Flappy and slaphappy; waddle things, things that slobber; Things to import, cluck, squawk and Dingle.
That's because Westbury studied funny words – and, b & # 39; more specifically, what makes some funny and others not words.
"As school men & # 39; older rediscover repeatedly, there is a sense to simply throw & # 39; the odd word is a word word," Westbury and Geoff Hollis, both professors at the University a & # 39; Alberta in Canada, wrote in a new study published October 18 in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. [Does It Fart? 10 Fascinating Facts About Animal Toots]
But what, announced from Westbury, making the word "fart" so funny? He already knew a 2016 study co-author that part of funniness word you & # 39; be explained by the popular theory of humor known as inkongruwità theory – the idea that some thing becomes more fun to change your expectations. F & # 39; that study, students rated the funniness of & # 39; & # 39 several thousand; meaningless words, generated by a computer, or "nonwords." The unwords b & # 39; combinations & # 39; surprising letter that looked less as English words known – like "snunkoople", "hablump" and "jumemo" – were classified by & # 39; a way consistent with the most fun.
Unknown black well as "whong", "Donglin" and "focky" well done very well, and suggest that the perceived connotation & # 39; word played a role in humor, even for words that have true meaning. In their new study, Westbury and Hollis drew further the relationship between sounds & # 39; words, meanings and humor – this time, to work with & # 39; & # 39 scores; thousands & # 39; with real English words.
They started with & # 39; list & # 39; 4997 common words previously compiled by a team & # 39; psychologists at the University & # 39; Warwick in U.K. and recorded with & # 39; funnty assessments by a panel of & # 39; 800 online participants. The psychologists & # 39; Warwick found that words like "booty", "tinkle" and "nitwits" were classified & # 39; consistently as very funny, while words like "pain," "torture" and "deathbed "were classified as decidedly funny.
Westbury and Hollis looked at each of the nearly 5,000 words below humoristiku microscope, which kkategorizzahom based on 20 different factors, including the duration of the word itself, as positive or negative was the meaning of the word, how common each letter or combination a & # 39; letter was in English, and if the word did contain a sequence & # 39; of & # 39 characters; crude or profane characters therein (such as "pike" and "bunghole", for example).
B & # 39; these factors and pre-existing human scores for words in the full list, researchers have devised many different equations can, in theory, predict umorità of & # 39; any word. They tested two of their umoriċi equations on a list of & # 39; more than 45,000 words, then ranked results in their new card. One algorithm decided that the top five funniest words on the list were:
The second equation, which was written with the help of & # 39; special program & # 39; modeling & # 39; Hollis Westbury data and co-created in 2006, predicted more severe words were:
5. The tenant
Among the highest and lowest words, several clear patterns emerged. Both equations agreed that the least funny words were those with very negative meanings – such as "violence", "attack", "rape", "murder" and "harassment." Meanwhile, word b & # 39; meanings related to the insults, animals and partying were predicted by & # 39; consistent way to induce giggles (in fact, "giggle" was the seventh & # 39; pleasant word in English, according to the first data model). [Why We Laugh at Disgusting Jokes]
The sounds of the words (or "phonemes") also played a big role. Noting the unwritten study & # 39; 2016 Westbury, words b & # 39; focus on relatively uncommon letters – such as k, j and y – consistently looked funny. The funniest one phoneme English scored the vocal / sound /, as in "guffaws", "humph" and "lummox." This vowel sound appeared in almost 20 percent of the words considered most funny, wrote the authors.
The perfect funny word, the authors concluded, is "short term, infrequent made of uncommon letters", and has a meaning that is "human and insult, secular, diminishing and / or related & # 39; good times. "
Does & # 39; that is settled, Hollis Westbury and hope to extend their research to quantify the values of & # 39; humor of & # 39; & # 39 pairs; words – "like toothy Canela, Muzzy and fizzy turd muffin", they wrote – and eventually full jokes. How funny is chicken cross road, anyway? Obviously, it depends on whether the hike on the other side.