Sunday , December 5 2021

SpaceX launch a swarm of & # 39; satellites, shoots & # 39; Rockets for the third time – now blank space



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A Falcon 9 rocket shed & # 39; Monday at 10: 34 a.m. PST (1:34 p.m. EST; 1834 GMT) from Space Launch Complex 4 East at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Credit: SpaceX

During the launch of & # 39; new commercial and records & # 39; the satellite industry, SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket booster driven by & # 39; the first stage launched and recovered twice before rose to a clear sky & # 39; morning on the Central Coast & # 39; California on Monday b & # 39; 64 small satellites, parked offshore vessel in the Pacific Ocean, potentially & # 39; hovering again.

The first stage rocket Falcon 9 launched on Monday became the first commercial booster to perform three flights carrying satellites into orbit, and boost IspazjuX closer to its goal of & # 39; boosters re flying 10 times without maintenance or restoration between missions. Elon Musk, the billionaire founder of SpaceX and chief executive, believes that the key objective for the company's mission to reduce space transportation cost, enabling exploration – and finally by end solutions – f & # 39; Mars.

At the start of Monday, SpaceX again & # 39; launched one of its Falcon 9 boosters 17 times, including a pair of & # 39; changed first step on the inaugural flight & # 39; Falcon Heavy rocket company in February. But none of the boosters launched with more than twice again before the Monday flight & # 39; the first stage mare 11 & # 39; May at launch from Kennedy Space Center in Florida, landed on a ship & # 39; drone in the Atlantic Ocean. 7 of the Force Station & # 39; Air & # 39; Cape Canaveral and touched again on the ship & # 39; air.

SpaceX rocket transported the road from Florida to Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, for final launch must soar for a third time.

The Falcon 9 rocket & # 39; 229 feet (70 meters), f & # 39; two stages – stage & # 39; Booster covered by soot drawings and iskorċi two trips & # 39; to the edge fin & # 39; space and back – connect the ninth & # 39; its main engines Merlin and dropped Vandenberg Air Force Base at 10:34:05 am PST (1:34:05 pm EST; 1834: 05 GMT) Monday.

The landing turned to the south, carries 1.7 million pound & # 39; & # pull in sky 39; no clouds late autumn in ispazjuport military driven about 140 miles (225 kilometers) northwest of & # 39; Los Angeles.

The first stage stopped its engines less than two and a half minutes in the mission after accelerate the rocket to speed & # 39; more than 3,600 square meters (about 5,900 kilometers per hour), and pushers Pneumatic separaw booster of the Falcon 9 & # 39; s second stage, to build a new SpaceX per mission.

While the single stage Merlin engine & # 39; on inqabbdet a minute & # 39; two hours and a half to shoot to put the mission payloads in & # 39; altrbita, the first stage fired a subset of its machines boostback and burning & # 39; entry to targeting Ship & # 39; space & # 39; SpaceX "Just Read the Instructions" positioned about 30 miles (50 kilometers) & # 39; off the coast & # 39; Vandenberg in the Pacific Ocean.

The first stage of the rocket Falcon 9 gets back to Earth as fire its engines to burn income before landing on the drone ship & # 39; SpaceX in the Pacific Ocean on the -Tnejn. Credit: SpaceX

All of the tracking cameras over long distances in & # 39; Vandenberg caught spectacular views of the rocket returned to Earth, then turn its central engine and extended four & # 39; landing legs before weakening -inżul shipboard drone – all in view of & # 39; spectators on the shore, clear morning at the military base.

The ships & # 39; the rocket landing & # 39; SpaceX are typically parked hundreds & # 39; & # 39 miles; the offshore, but the rotation & # 39; & # 39 recovery; rockets based on the company maintained a position closer to shore Monday.

Meanwhile, the second stage & # 39; Falcon 9 continued to T + plus 10 minutes to reach targeted orbit about 357 miles (575 kilometers) & # 39; above Earth, flying on north path south inclined 97.8 degrees to the equator.

During the second stage burn, the Falcon 9 broke the nose juice like a clamshell, which covered the 64 small payloads from the satellite during the first few minutes of flight. After falling & # 39; out of the rocket, the two parafils halves removed cornering reduce their fall back to Earth, where boat circulating b & # 39; SkyX hired "Mr. Steven "try caught the pjastru b & # 39; a giant net.

The attempt to catch the fairing Monday was the first in & # 39; more than four & # 39; months SpaceX, but Mr Steven did not take the fairing errors, despite the installation a & # 39; largest network earlier this year, and several apparent practices going on in recent weeks using a & # 39; helicopter.

Musk tweeted after the launch on Monday that halfings coating will be collected from the sea, dried and reused.

But it is not clear how easy it will be to rearrange the corners after being dropped in saltwater. The corners of the capture method using net was meant to keep the dogs off the corrosive effects of seawater, a problem that prolong the time needed to SpaceX re modernize cargo capsule Dragon to reused after boarding in the ocean.

Earlier this year, Musk said the fairing expenses worth about $ 6 million, representing about 10 percent of the total cost of & # 39; Falcon 9 launch Approximately 60 percent of the cost marginal & # 39; Falcon 9 launch following the first stage, 20 percent from the second stage, and about 10 percent of the processing, testing and assembly & # 39; rocket for flight, according to Musk.

SpaceX has offered discounts the price of & # 39; advertised sales & # 39; Falcon 9 & # 39; $ 62 million to customers who place their satellites on rocket again & # 39; use, or how space X likes to say, the flight proven booster. Musk said in & # 39; May to SpaceX then ċċarraġ about $ 50 million for flights using the previous stage was hovering, and he expected "a steady decline in prices" because the company has gained experience with & # 39; rojs reusable , and how to pay what SpaceX Musk said investment of & # 39; billion dollars in the ability to recover and resume flying boosters.

Mr Steven, the ship & # 39; recovery & # 39; irparjar of the & # 39; SpaceX Credit: SpaceX

F & # 39; May, Musk said that launches & # 39; Falcon 9 can cost less than $ 5 million or $ 6 million per flight within three years, assuming that SpaceX can & # 39; again & # 39; use the first stage boosters, the payload shroud and eventually stage Falcon 9 side. But after considering improvements to improve the second stage Falcon 9 for re-entry – traveling faster than the first stage, and need to survive temperatures & # 39; higher income – Musk tweeted Nov. 16: "SpaceX m & # 39; still planning to update Falcon 9 second stage for reuse."

After some initial collision of & # 39; crash, recoveries of & # 39; Falcon 9 from stage & # 39; SpaceX still produce results. More than half launches & # 39; SpaceX & # 39; s 19 this year made boosters used again.

The new version of Block 5 rocket Falcon 9 introduced in & # 39; May include changes to the first stage easier to recover and re & # 39; is used. But boosters re still flying process & # 39; learning to SpaceX, said Hans Koenigsmann, vice president of building & # 39; SpaceX and flight reliability

"One of the problems is fatigue," he said at the 3 & # 39; October remarks at the International Congress Astronawtiku f & # 39; Bermen, Germany. "You should see the certificate of life on components. They vibrate, basically, and I eye on the control of the breach and make sure m & # 39; have some infringement on those components. This actually not new. Helicopters do it now. they basically vibration machines, and they follow, in fact, the number of & # 39; cycles, and know exactly when they come in & # 39; maintenance or preventive maintenance.

"Something similar is what we can do here on the rocket," he Koenigsmann. "We basically to register the flight load, and then illoggjawha in the history of the party, and we can figure out where the party is exchanged, if in fact be exchanged. Ideally, do not want to change the parts."

Asked about how well the boosters of Block 5 is keep after each launch, Koenigsmann said: "I am actually surprised. Launch of course, the machines watching Gas & # 39; quite hot exhaust to start, to b & # 39; so the engines engage in income (again) be good … I'm surprised how many machines keep. There are details. we receive damage, and we made adjustments, I say. That's part of the reason because we have these blocks. We basically discuss changes to … improve vehicle. F & # 39; this moment, I'm very happy. "

On a mission to launch satellites into geostationary orbit, perch of & # 39; more than 22,000 miles (almost 36,000 kilometers) & # 39; above Earth, the first stage can & # 39; & # 39 reaches speeds; more than 5,000 mph, and submit to conditions & # 39; revenues from faster new road to the World. For loads & # 39; cargo destined for low orbit Earth, a few hundred & # 39; filling, the first stage m & # 39; not have to travel fast.

Hans Königsmann, vice president of building & # 39; SpaceX and flight reliability. Credit: NASA / Kim Shiflett

"There are some entries of the hottest new, still something we strive to NIPP perfluawhom and secure", said Koenigsmann. "In the end, the goal is to take the rocket and launch and moved again. We aim to go into, basically, within two days, and it would be tremendous if we do it."

Speaking to reporters Monday at the Space Center & # 39; Kennedy, Koenigsmann said he hopes SpaceX can & # 39; fly again twice in the same rocket & # 39; 24 hours the next year, the target set by Musk earlier this year.

"Depending on how little work the mission," said Koenigsmann Monday. "I hope we can do this next year … but can & # 39; a little slippery. It's certainly something we try soon have a chance. It depends, basically, on what missions are finished."

"The majority of the work is the engine," said f & # 39; October. "Irranġajna the machine. Most of it are actually not qualified parties for the next flight, so we simply inpartu parties. It is not real damage. It's kind of & # 39; preventive maintenance & # 39; thing, where we know that this party can & # 39; fail the next time, so we simply do not take the risk and we tpartitha. We have some damage & # 39; the impact of stuff flying through the shield of heat reaching coverage & # 39; the aeromu. that is quite what it is. it's actually not bad. "

"The coverage & # 39; the aeromettija is something which is basically the raceway on the side," he said. "We look at the tanks to ensure that there is no surprise in the tank, and & # 39; now found only clean tanks on the side of & # 39; inside. We sometimes see damage from system a & # 39; thermal protection impact on the coverage of & # 39; aerobic, and therefore strengthened to ensure that no fallen on the landing. "

"F & # 39; & # 39 terms, renovation and building & # 39; new rocket, is a cheaper way to get & # 39; be arranged," said Koenigsmann.

"It does not happen overnight," said Koenigsmann of effort & # 39; re. "We worked on this for many, many years, and we we put a lot of money there, and it was our own money we have we put there."

SpaceX had some financial help, not only by fortune & # 39; Musk, but also investments & # 39; capital & # 39; risk, and infusion & # 39; cash from Google. The activity & # 39; & # 39 launch; The company generated revenue and money from business customers, along with NASA and the US Air Force, which have billions & # 39; & # 39 in dollars, contracts & # 39; SpaceX. Most of that income was invested in research and development.

The next launch & # 39; SpaceX is scheduled for Wednesday from Cape Canaveral, where Falcon 9 rocket is set for arrival b & # 39; dragon cargo equipment for the International Space Station. Launching rehabilitation will be the 20th mission & # 39; SpaceX year.

SpaceX, the partner & # 39; space & # 39; space to deploy 64 satellites in orbit

At the start of Monday, the flight sequence b & # 39; power & # 39; 10 minutes & # 39; Falcon 9 rocket vanished after the Monday departure involving the release of & # 39; 64 small satellites, the majority of which were performed on two buses & # 39; b deployment & # 39; none were designed and operated by Spaceflight. near Seattle-based company that specializes in securing & # 39; & # 39 bookings; launch a small satellite operators.

The space of the satellite board the Antares betting, Dnepr, -PSLV, Soyuz and Vega, but the company never purchased the full capacity & # 39; rocket until announcing plans for the mission "dedicated rideshare", known as SSO A: SmallSat Express, 2015.

Most of the satellites on the SSO-A mission, which included 15 mikrosatellita and 49 CubeSats, installed two flyers free at ease & # 39; Spaceflight f & # 39; Augurn, officials & # 39 ; Washington.

The structure & # 39; array developed by Spaceflight consists & # 39; two centers – satellites carrying flyers and upper and lower CubeSat dispensers. Both separate free flyers from the Falcon 9 rocket once entered into & # 39; polar sun synchronous weapons.

The artist illustration & # 39; one of the free flyers on SSO A mission separating from the second stage & # 39; Falcon 9, which brought four & # 39; mikrosatelliti on the carrier & # 39; own multiple load. Credit: Journey & # 39; space

Curt Blake, the president & # 39; Spaceflight, said the free flyers were based on space & # 39; the Sherpa space Spaceflight that the company intended to launch first flight on Falcon 9 shared with satellite & # 39; observation of Taiwan Formosat 5 of the World. But the delay in the launch of & # 39; Formosat 5, partly caused by an explosion Falcon 9 rocket on pad & # 39; launch in 2016, led Spaceflight to cancel the mission and find opportunities & # 39; alternatives to launch mħażżin flight reservations on Sherpa.

The mission Formosat 5 launched at the end f & # 39; August 2017.

"Generally, we are calling the Sherpa", said Blake of SSO A mission in & # 39; interview & # 39; Spaceflight Now earlier this year. "But in fact it is more than one center. There is a high flyer of & # 39; upper and and lower flyer. There are many spacecraft on each of those. It's kind of & # 39; stack & # 39; combination."

Some large passengers on the SSO-A missions were sent directly to the Falcon 9 launch site at Vandenberg Air Force Base, where technicians kkatjawhom to free flyers. Besides the 60 load on the free flyers, four & # 39; mikrosatelliti were attached directly to the second stage & # 39; Falcon 9, which was commanded their separation after arriving in orbit.

The entire stack of payload to travel to orbit on the Falcon 9 rocket weighed about 4 tonnes – almost 9,000 pounds – at the time of launch. Once in orbit around minutes after liftoff, the Sherpa modules, flyers or free, released from the rocket and begin the separation of parades.

Both the free flyers and four & # 39; mikrosatelliti attached to the second stage & # 39; Falcon 9 had orbit from the point T + plus & # 39; 43 minute mission, but the module & # 39; deployment & # 39; Spaceflight themselves put upon, by using onboard avionics batteries to embrace and issued orders to release 60 separate spacecraft.

The exact sequence of the satellite separation maneuver was considered proprietary by Spaceflight, but the managers of the mission said that any deployment was & # 39; approximately every five to six minutes, with the final load set for separation about 4 hours, 45 minutes after liftoff – about 3: 7 p.m. PST (6:19 pm EST; 2319 GMT).

Then it was expected to take another hour or so for Spaceflight to confirm that all were separated satellites, once free flyers go over ground stations to allow communications. There were cameras on board a free flyer, according to Spaceflight.

String "We've developed a & # 39; deployment was based on an analysis of & # 39; high confidence that we b & # 39; specifically to ensure that our customers do not conflict each other after deployment, so we are making the our -ħin "said Jeff Roberts, the SSO of & # 39; Spaceflight – mission manager, said in & # 39; interview & # 39; Spaceflight Now. "We make sure that we maximize the phase separation in distance between all our customers."

This should help the US military, to follow objects in orbit, more quickly identify the satellites released on the SSO-A mission, an issue that caused pain & # 39; head in the past.

The free flyers were designed to work as independent spacecraft themselves, with computers, electronics and their own batteries.

"We refer to them as free flyers because that is exactly what they are. M & # 39; there is no & # 39; propulsion system board. They simply maintain all avionics and dispensers to handle the deployment," said Roberts.

The superior flyer of & # 39; on is based on adapter & # 39; Secondary load used by & # 39; commonly – known as ESPA ring – built by Moog. The lower flyer is the design & # 39; Spaceflight own, according to Roberts.

The flyer modules b & # 39; anything that had life & # 39; 16 hours of battery, will carry the sail after the satellite broadcasting to help dispensers re in Earth's atmosphere.

Flightflight not publicly released all cargo accounting & # 39; 64 on the SSO-A rideshare mission, and cited a deal & # 39; failure & # 39; disclosure signed with the company's customers. But Roberts said the company provided a list to the Federal Communications Commission to get licenses & # 39; launching mission, and Spaceflight brought sequence & # 39; separation, information on sizes & # 39; space and space & # 39 points; contact for each load to the Center & # 39; , Which is responsible for cataloging, tracking and identification of all objects launched into orbit.

Roberts said some concerns about the mission is unfounded, as worries about the difficulty & # 39; tracking & # 39; smallsats launched on SSO A mission to ensure they do not pose danger & # 39; space debris. "Our engineering team has put a lot of effort in & # 39; & # 39 every aspect; this mission", he said.

Some customers revealed that their payloads were on the launch SSO-A.

This oblique view & # 39; Lower Manhattan in New York City was captured by one of SkySat satellites Planet. Credit: Planet

Planet was one of the key business customers on the mission. Two of its SkySat mikrosatelliti and three Dove CubeSats – iddebuttaw new designs & # 39; cameras and telescopes – have joined the large fleet & # 39; aircraft of World image in orbit, which now numbers 137 active satellites. Planet sponsored the launch of & # 39; two CubeSats from the Georgia Institute of Technology and the University & # 39; Colorado Laboratory of & # 39; Boulder for Atmospheric and Space Physics.

Three missions funded by the military & # 39; the United States were among the largest spacecraft on the SSO-A mission. They STPSat 5, mikrosatelett the Program of Air Force Space Test host five experiments, the spacecraft excites funded by the Agency & # 39; of & # 39 Projects; Advanced Defense Research – DARPA – FalconSat 6 and satellite built by students at the Air Academy Air.

There was also mikrosatellita from DLR, the German Aerospace Center, said Eu: CROPIS, carrying tomato seeds to germinate and grow as they monitor b & # 39; less gravity. The spacecraft will turn slowly during its mission, which simulates the gravity conditions on the moon and Mars.

In the picture on the Monday & # 39; evening, exposed Flyflus announced that all 64 mikrosatelliti CubeSats were separated and & # 39; success in orbit. Most of the satellite owners announced they acquired signals or signals from their spacecraft, and confirmed their status after the Monday in orbit along with & # 39; SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

"It was an incredibly complex task, and I'm really proud of b & # 39; & # 39 b which team; talentna in Spaceflight reached", said Blake f & # 39; & # 39 statement; after launch. "SSO-A is an important step for space and industry. We've always been committed to the space more accessible through & # 39; rideshare. This mission enabled 34 organizations from 17 different countries put -ispazju on orbit. It is also special because it was completely devoted to smallsats. "

The mission set a record for the highest number of & # 39; satellites have begun on rocket & # 39; the United States, but did not reach the global brand & # 39; 104 satellite, which remained on Indian rocket the past one year.

Two managers involved with & # 39; additional loads SSO A mission – Seahawks 1 and Capella 1 – offered their thoughts after launching b & # 39; success.

"We are thrilled to have Seahawks 1 on orbit and be part of such a historic launch superbly executed by Spaceflight", said John Morrison, the administrator & # 39; co-Seahawks project and leading principal investigator at the University of Atari 39; North Carolina Wilmington. "Seahawks will make observations of ocean b & # 39; higher spatial resolution b & # 39; significantly and at much lower cost than standard satellite systems. Since the data collected will be made publicly available, hope ours is not only benefit researchers, but policy makers and others make informed decisions when dealing with environmental issues. "

"This launch was impressive commitment and milestone for smallsat industry as well as many of the organizations involved," said Payam Banazadeh, founder and CEO & # 39; Capella Space Corporation. "The first satellite & # 39; Capella is now orbit and we are one step closer to our goal to provide information at & # 39; timely reliable and frequent, using & # 39; synthetic technology of aperture radar . "

The British manufacturer SSTL Stability confirmed satellite images of KazSTSAT & # 39; 231-pound (105 kilograms) to contact ground controllers to confirm her health. KazSTSAT was one of the largest cargo launched today, and is owned & # 39; Ghalam LLC, a joint venture between JSC "National Company Kazakhstan Garysh Sapary" (KGS) and Airbus Defense and Space.

The satellite & # 39; the image of X2 ICEYE radar, the second spacecraft launched by the Finnish company ICEYE, was also a telemetry & # 39; broadcasting after its deployment on Monday. ICEYE says it has eight other spacecraft due to launch by the end of 2019, as the company seeks to build the largest constellation in the world & # 39; satellite radar synthetic aperture. Earlier this year, the company became the first one sent satellite b & # 39; mass & # 39; less than 100 kilograms – about 220 pounds – in & # 39; orbit b & # 39; radar immaġer , type & # 39; instrument to observe all World Weather previously relegated to longer weight, hunger, and more expensive spacecraft.

The concept of & # 39; the satellite artist of X2 ICEYE radar. Credit: ICEYE

One CubeSats about the beginning of the Falcon 9 – Elysium Star 2 – carry human remains cremated, and another was conceived as a project & # 39; art and sponsored by the Art Museum of County & # 39; Los Angeles to honor Robert Lawrence, astronawru African American was selected for the Laboratory of Manned orbiting US Air Force program. Bust & # 39; Lawrence, who died in 1967 before going into & # 39; space, located on the Enoch CubeSat.

"To honor the legacy & # 39; astronauts, (Tavares) Strachan created Canopic jar & # 39; gold & # 39; 24 carat with a bust & # 39; Lawrence," the Art Museum County & # 39; Los Angeles wrote on page diverted to the mission. "The canopy nets accept practices used by ancient Egyptians to protect and preserve the dead bodies for use in life & # 39; after. The Canopic jar was blessed in & # 39; Shrine Shinto f & # 39; Fukuoka, Japan, and was recognized as a container for the soul & # 39; Lawrence. "

Space on space consider the future plans of rideshare post – & # 39; & # 39 complex undertaking; of & # 39; A SSO

Blake told Flightflight Now the SSO-A mission has proved a complex undertaking.

"To fill, or profitable to buy a rocket the size & # 39; Falcon 9, you bring together many small spacecraft", he said. "Just understand x & # 39; type & # 39; scale & # 39; time it will take and how there are many satellites that have aggregated to hit that one point in time – that is one lesson – whether sympathize and how difficult it is.

"The second one is the period of & # 39; time preparing, different customers have different potential issues", he added. "Some float through as easy as possible & # 39; is. Others can & # 39; have difficulties along the way. We've had to move various clients around on the stack. This means that you really need to have the ability to configure and re-configure the stack, (and) the electronic systems to enter. "

Seven & # 39; CubeSats set up SSO A mission from August because they were ready to launch, or had difficulty in gaining regulatory approval.

The record number & # 39; launched satellites on a single rocket is 104, set by Indian mission -PSLV the last year. Some of those payloads were customers & # 39; Spaceflight, but not all. The SSO mission-A has set a record for most satellite launcher board of & # 39; the United States.

Blake told Spaceflight m & # 39; has no immediate plans to buy the other launch & # 39; Falcon 9. The economic and logistical sweet spot for rides can & # 39; is to use a smaller rocket, he said.

"We are sure to see and go, and have all learned from it, before swirling our attention to make this another great", said Blake. "Having said this, we are working with & # 39; actively on different ones on vehicles & # 39; & # 39 launch, medium-sized enterprises.

The company has agreements launches & # 39; rideshare future for playing on the corner Vera & # 39; Arianespace, the Rocket Lab Electron and vehicle & # 39; LauncherOne to air handed a & # 39; Virgin Orbit, all much smaller and less expensive than Falcon 9, which currently sells for about $ 50 million to $ 60 million. per flight.

"We know about the aggregation of & # 39; number & # 39; loads on vehicles & # 39; a small launch," said Blake. "You & # 39; also provides a dedicated mission, where we have five or 10 different spacecraft smaller vehicle launch, 30 or 40 on a vehicle & # 39; launch & # 39; medium-sized enterprises. The thing that we will take time to resolve is how to go on a vehicle & # 39; as big launch it. "

Here is a list of most of the payloads on the SSO-A mission, based on the best available public information.

  • Audacy Zero – Audacy – United States
  • Blackhawks – ViaSat – United States
  • BRIO – SpaceQuest USA
  • Thea – SpaceQuest – USA
  • Capella 1 – Capella Area – United States
  • Landmapper BC 4 – Astro Digital – USA
  • CSIM FD – LASP / University & # 39; Colorado – USA
  • Doves FLOCK 3s (3 spacecraft) – Planet – USA
  • SkySat 14, 15 (2 spacecraft) – Planet – USA
  • 2 Star Elysium – Elysium Space – United States
  • Enoch – Los Angeles County Museum of Art – United States
  • excites / SeeMe – Novawurks & DARPA – USA
  • FalconSat 6 – U.S. Air Force Academy – USA
  • Fox 1C – AMSAT – USA
  • Global BlackSky 2 – BlackSky Global – United States
  • Hawk A, B, C (3 spacecraft) – Hawkeye 360 ​​- USA
  • ICE Cap – U.S. Navy – USA
  • IRVINE02 – Irvine CubeSat STEM Program – USA
  • MinXSS 2 – LASP / University & # 39; Colorado – USA
  • ORS 7A, 7B Polar Scouts – Space operationally responsive, Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security – United States
  • Orbital Reflector – OR Productions & Nevada Museum of Art – USA
  • RANGE A, B (2 spacecraft) – Georgia Tech – USA
  • Seahawks 1 – University & # 39; North Carolina at Wilmington – United States
  • SpaceBEE 5, 6, 7 (3 spacecraft) – Swarm Technologies – USA
  • STPSat 5 – Test Program on Space Air Air United States – USA
  • WeissSat 1 – Weiss School – USA
  • Centauri II – Space Technologies Fleet – Australia
  • RAAF M1 – University & # 39; New South Wales – Australia
  • SIRION Pathfinder 2 – Sirion Global – Australia
  • ITASAT – Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica – Brazil
  • ICEYE X2 – ICEYE – Finland
  • Suomi 100 – Aalto University Science and Technology – Finland
  • Eu: CROPIS – DLR, German Aerospace Center – Germany
  • MOVE II – Technische Universität München – Germany
  • ExseedSat 1 – the Eżejt Space – India
  • Eaglet 1 – OHB Italia S.p.A./Italjan Ministry of Defense – Italy
  • ESeo – ESA & SITAEL – Italy
  • JY1-Sat – Crown Prince Foundation – Jordan
  • KazSciSat 1 – Ghalam LLP – Kazakhstan
  • KazSTSAT – Ghalam LLP – Kazakhstan
  • Hiber 2 – Hiber / Innovative Solutions in Space – The Netherlands
  • PW-Sat 2 – Technology University & # 39; Warsaw – Poland
  • K2SAT – Korean Air Force Academy – Korea t & # 39; South
  • NEXTSat 1 – Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology – Korea t & # 39; South
  • SNUGLITE – National University & # 39; Seoul – Korea t & # 39; South
  • SNUSAT 2 – National University & # 39; Seoul – Korea t & # 39; South
  • VisionCube – Aerospace University, Korea – Korea t & # 39; South
  • AISTECHSAT 2 – Aistech – Spain
  • Astrocast 0.1 – Astrocast – Switzerland
  • KNACKSAT – King Mongkut University of Technology North & # 39; Bangkok – Thailand
  • VESTA – Honeywell Aerospace / SSTL / exactEarth Ltd. – UK / Canada

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Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @ StephenClark1.

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