CAPE Canaveral, Fla. – In the family of our solar system, Mars is the world next relatives, the following approaches to the door captivated Humans for millennia. The attraction sure to grow with the arrival of Monday Nuclear & # 39; NASA named Insight.
Insight will provide our best look at the internal & # 39; Mars, using the & # 39; mechanical mole to tunnel & # 39; 16 feet (5 meters) deep to measure the internal heat, and sismometru to record quakes, meteorite strikes and anything else you can & # 39; commence.
Scientists consider Mars as a time capsule tantalizzat. It is less geologically active than Earth twice as great and thus maintains much of its early history. By studying the preserved heart & # 39; Mars, Insight can & # 39; learned how rocky planets of our solar system formed 4 1/2 billion years ago and why it turned out so differently.
"Venus is hot enough to melt lead. Mercury has spilled face on the sun. Mars today is quite cold. But Earth is a beautiful place to take a holiday, then we would really like to know why one planet go one way , otherwise go to another planet ", said left leading scientist & # 39; Insight Bruce Banerdt of the jet Propulsion Laboratory & # 39; NASA f & # 39; Panadena, California.
Today Earthlings are encouraged to Mars for several reasons.
Mars – "incredible natural laboratory" – is reasonably easy to find, and the United States, at least, have a proven track record there, noted Lori Glaze, acting director of NASA & # 39; planetary science.
The cherry on top is that Mars can & # 39; time has decreased with water and have & # 39; have life.
"Trying to understand how life is – or was – distributed around our solar system is one of the biggest questions we", Glaze said Wednesday at a news conference.
"We we alone? We are alone in & # 39; some time in the past?"
Within two years, NASA will actually look for evidence of & # 39; ancient microbial life on Mars – if, indeed, there is.
On Monday, the space agency announced Jezero Crater as the site & # 39; descent to Mars 2020 Rover, which will collect samples and tistrieħhom return to Earth in the early 2030s. The old system of lakes and rivers of the crater is surrounded by & # 39; many rocks, and b & # 39; it is a potential hot spot for past life.
Repeat, past lives. NOT present.
Michael Meyer, the leading scientist of NASA for exploration & # 39; Mars, said that the Martian surface is too cold and dry, with & # 39; & # 39 bombing; too much radiation, life currently exists.
Registered comments & # 39; Mars – about twice the Earth-Moon size – go back to ancient Egypt. But it was not until the 19th century that Mars mania really fixed inches
Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli's identify to Mars began in 1870 and described the channels observed as "canali" – Italian for channels. But with the Suez Canal completed recently in & # 39; a lot of ways, "canali" became known as alien and artificial channels.
The increase in combustion, the US astronomer after the Lowell Observatory near Flagstaff, Arizona, Percival Lowell, decided that the channels were transporting water from the poles for intelligent civilizations living near the equator .
The musings of & # 39; Lowell influenced H.G. Wells, author & # 39; "The War of the World" in 1898. The 1938 radio broadcast & # 39; the news & # 39; science-fantażża made many Americans thought that Martians were actually invading.
All of & # 39; Ray Bradbury classic 1950 classic, "The Martian Chronicles", maintained the momentum & # 39; Mars.
Fast forward to the 21st century, and SpaceX zeal and enthusiasm in science Elon Musk leading to payment & # 39; real life to Mars. It provides hundreds of & # 39; & # 39 thousands; people explain to Mars in & # 39; SpaceX giant ships and colonize the red planet to continue the species.
Just this past week, Musk revealed new names for interplanetarji ships and the booster rockets: Starship and Super Heavy.
Musk is so passionate about Mars that he hopes to die there one day, although it emphasizes not on impact.
While NASA is offering missions & # 39; Mars with its own & # 39; crews, returned her immediate attention back to the moon. Orbiting outpost near the moon can & # 39; to serve as a & # 39; Boarding the lunar surface and even Mars, according to officials. Also serve as ground & # 39; close to home before trial & # 39; the astronauts add 100 million miles to Mars.
The observations and all reports coming from Robotic NASA explorers in & # 39; Mars will help human pioneers of & # 39; Mars, according to Thomas Zurbuchen, head of science for NASA missions.
That's the charm of & # 39; Mars, according to scientists.
Going to Mars is a "dream", said Philippe Laudet of & # 39; the French Space Agency, project manager for seismometru of & # 39; Insight. "Everything is captivating."
For full coverage of AP landing & # 39; Mars: https://apnews.com/MarsLanding
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