Always come & # 39; back With the arrival of winters and reduced temperature temperatures, the influence appears and starts causing havoc among the population. The flu virus, subjected to mutations, usually infects the respiratory tract (nose, throat, bronchi, lungs) and consequently appear symptoms such as cough and sore throat, as well as fever and muscle pain appear.
For that reason it is necessary to consider a series of & # 39; recommendations if symptoms & # 39; flu are manifesting oriented personal care and to avoid possible infections. F & # 39; this point, the population in & # 39; risk, mainly over 65, pregnant women, health personnel, adults and children with & # 39; metabolic cardiovascular, neurological diseases, pulmonary or chronic and people b & # 39; decreased immunological defenses, have been vaccinated, but still in time. In any case, if the flu has already been noticed, take note:
Rest and good food
it is recommended disappear from home and continue to rest. Drink plenty of fluids, mainly water and juice, and keep a good and balanced diet by consume fruit and vegetables, Will also help combat the symptoms.
It is very important wash your hands & # 39; with frequently with soap and water, cover the nose or mouth while coughing, use disposable tissues after use and avoid touching eyes, nose or -ħalqek.
good ventilation and minimum insulation
Rest in individual room b & # 39; good ventilation and reduced contact with & # 39; other people, for a week, provided they have 24 hours from the last time you had a fever are other measures to take into account if you want to avoid contagion.
In addition, it is recommended that Fever is controlled and used antipyretics in & # 39; If the body temperature exceeds 38.5º C.
Antibiotics and antiviral, under prescription
the the use of antibiotics and antivirals, unless directed by a professional in the field of health care, not recommended since the virus influenza does not respond to antibiotic treatment. Only when the influence is complicated by bacterial superinfection have to call them.
Go to ER only if …
Once the diagnosis is made by the primary care physician, only in & # 39; If the fever exceeds 38.5ºC and persists for more than three days, and symptoms of influenza continue to run seven days from the start or suffer worse in & # 39; blow, Those affected should consider going in the Department of Emergency.
although other situations they occur dizziness, nausea, or disorder & # 39; consciousness such difficulty getting or irritability; the appearance & # 39; skin rash; or difficulty breathing, bloody sputum or chest pain, Can also be a reason to visit the nearest urgencies.