When it comes to controlling & # 39; & # 39 diseases; frequency is normal to propose a legal framework to enable prevention and care through & # 39; sanitary measures which have implications for people and the community. Also for the government to devise and implement strategies & # 39; public health have permanence and continuity, to health insurance must have the resources to finance actions. When the disease is prevalent and leads to high mortality, these legal initiatives should be well-founded and enjoy social and political consensus.
This year kkommemorajna the promulgation & # 39; transverse laws such as preventive medicine proposed formula to control tuberculosis and that & # 39; Mother and child who established the bases to reduce malnutrition and infant mortality through & # 39; complementary feeding. Both & # 39; successful initiatives were the product of social medical genius & # 39; Eduardo Cruz Coke over the government & # 39; Arturo Alessandri Palma in 1938, shortly before his term ended.
Laws in health can affect the freedom and autonomy of people by eventually requiring notification and compromise the confidentiality, limit their mobility b & # 39; any kind & # 39; isolation to prevent infection or immunization required. The Communities also suffer from limitations for similar reasons, in addition to the impact on inequality and higher spending.
In the event & # 39; cancer, disease complex and difficult to control, 53 320 new cases are planned for Chile at the World Health Organization (GLOBOCAN) by 2018, along with & # 39; 28 443 deaths and prevalence of & # 39; five years & # 39; 135 618 people surviving. provided. As a cause of death, already the first in & # 39; five regions of the country.
This disease has led to advances in & # 39; policies b & # 39; interesting results in the prevention, progressive restrictions on tobacco consumption, early diagnosis f & # 39; women's cancers and allocation & # 39; resources to specify guarantees (Auge, Ricarte Soto Law for drugs & # 39; high cost). All added, however, leave spaces & # 39; tremendous inequity and confusion between diagnosis and means of & # 39; intervention, by opening opportunities to increase the gaps through the unregulated use of resources. Finally, it is even more dramatic when families and communities incur huge expenses to cover not always effective procedures.
Failing & # 39; culture & # 39; rationality to make the balance between effectiveness and cost of the media used, we are f & # 39; more complex situation. This is the case with so-called judicial medicine, tend to aggravate global issue inherently difficult when intervention by the courts in an attempt to resolve the fundamental rights related to health. This conflict & # 39; expertise, combined with & # 39; various other aspects, making it essential that a legal framework to deal with the cancer rationality and width & # 39 ;. There are issues & # 39; research, records and hospital population, participation of civil society and public-private partnerships, the cost-effectiveness analysis, training & # 39; human resources and many more, will be best b & # 39; Directive on General Cancer.
There is already a parliamentary motion several years ago to cross support in Congress, the Ministry of Health is working on a National Plan & # 39; Cancer Control will shortly issue in collaboration with & # 39; President Piñera and very publicly committed its support to the aforementioned parliamentary motion on.
It is time for action to take this into account to better control the cancer in Chile.