Friday , December 3 2021

Reports of PAHO increase in & # 39; & # 39 cases, measles in America



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The Pan American Health Organization reported a significant increase in cases of & # 39; measles in America, B & # 39; focus on Venezuela and boom in Brazil, which has become the country with the most confirmed cases & # 39; this disease in the region.

Since the beginning of the year by 30 & # 39; in November, in the Americas, were reported 16 766 cases of & # 39; measles confirmed, more than double the 8091 registered until October, Indicate PAHO in its latest epidemiological bulletin.

Of the 12 affected countries, Brazil is what most confirmed cases registered: 9898 compared with & # 39; 2,192 by the month & # 39; before, with ongoing outbreaks in the states & # 39; Amazonas and Roraima, bordering Venezuela.

Venezuela, which until now has concentrated the majority of cases & # 39; measles in North America, reported also increased: in 6370 confirmed case & # 39; in November compared with & # 39; 5525 to October.

Review: The OPSI report 12 cases of & # 39; measles in Ecuador in 2018

The PAHO, a regional body & # 39; the World Health Organization (WHO), noted that S & # 39; now this year for measles have been reported 86 deaths, the majority in Venezuela (73) and the rest in Brazil.

It also highlights the presence of & # 39; measles in indigenous communities in Brazil and Venezuela.

In the case of Brazil, the vast majority of cases correspond to the indigenous district & # 39; Auaris, next to Venezuela. In Venezuela, cases occurred in & # 39; & # 39 indigenous populations, different ethnic groups in the states & # 39; Amazonas, Delta Amacuro, Monagas and Zulia.

The Venezuela reported the first cases & # 39; the current measles outbreak in & # 39; July 2017, genotype originally reported in Asia and later in Europe.

After Brazil and Venezuela, the countries with the most cases & # 39; s & # 39 measles; now this year are United States (220) and Colombia (171), indicating the PAHO.

Chile joined the countries that have reported cases of & # 39; measles in 2018 in America in & # 39; in November, the agency added.

Both are imported: one corresponding to Colombian residents in Chile for 10 years, to have been infected in Ecuador or Colombia, and another to Venezuelan boy from Maracaibo to come by land, through Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Besides these countries, cases & # 39; measles were reported in Peru (38), Canada (27), Ecuador (19), Argentina (14), Mexico (5), Antigua and Barbuda (1) Guatemala (1) PAHO

Find out: The first event & # 39; measles imported from Venezuela confirmed

– "Strategies & # 39; vaccination" –

The measles vaccine is a disease that, in addition to death, you & # 39; cause serious complications, such as encephalitis, pneumonia and permanent loss of vision. But it & # 39; to avoid two doses & # 39; vaccine "safe and effective", according to WHO.

In the bulletin of her week, the PAHO noted that "the Venezuelan health authorities implemented a series of & # 39; strategies & # 39; vaccine aimed interrupt c virus circulation, including vaccination indiscriminate use of & # 39; children aged six months to 15 years. "

In 2016, the region of the Americas became the first in the world to have obtained the certification of elimination of measles, after years of & # 39; & # 39 efforts; vaccination.

But in & # 39; last August, the OPSI said that endemic transmission of measles was restored in Venezuela, having the same type has been present for more than 12 continuous months in the territory his.

In order to stop further spread of the disease in the region, the director of OPSI, Carissa Etienne, urged to increase vaccination coverage.

Read: Text cheap and can & # 39; & # 39 can be borne; detect the risk of measles

The WHO reported this week increase more than 30% of cases & # 39; measles in the world in 2017 in relation to 2016, attributing the increase to "Weaknesses in vaccination coverage".

Seth Berkley, executive director of the Vaccine Alliance (Gavi), an association of public and private global health to promote improved access to immunization in & # 39; poor countries, citing the "collapse of the health system Health in Venezuela "as causes & # 39; this increase, according to the WHO statement.

Venezuela lost in & # 39; a severe economic crisis, with & # 39; & # 39 great failure, drugs, lack of & # 39; supplies and serious shortcomings in its health system.

Since 2015, at least 2.3 million people have left Venezuela, mainly to the countries of the region, f & # 39; what the UN considers the movement of the most massive population in recent history in Latin America.

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