Since 1988, the international community had a day dedicated to the fight against AIDS epidemic every 1 & # 39; December. awareness and promotion measures to avoid contagion of the virus that causes the disease.
F & # 39; this – occasion – World Day – Anti – AIDS highlights – You know if you have HIV to begin antiretroviral treatment allows people who are HIV positive to continue a normal life and protect their partners.
Led by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN Program on AIDS (UNAIDS), the 2018 campaign encourages people to be tested for HIV as a first step to stop the spread of the virus, Explaining that the test can & # 39; also helps people more likely to contract the infection to prevent infection.
The UN agencies estimate that by 2017 there were almost 37 million people infected with the AIDS virus, of which 21.7 million were receiving treatment. In the same year, 1.8 million contracting HIV and registered 940 000 deaths for with AIDS-related illnesses.
The International Labor Organization (ILO), in turn, mindless half million economically active people will die in 2020 because of this kind of & # 39; suffering, many of them before the age of & # 39; 40 years, in the best moment of their working lives.
Latin America and the Caribbean
Data from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) indicate that there are 2.1 million HIV carriers in Latin America and the Caribbean, although only 1.6 million are unaware of it.
Despite this lack of & # 39; awareness, testing for HIV and allowed greater access to antiretrovirals 12% reduction in Latin America and 23% in the Caribbean & # 39; AIDS-related deaths from 2010 to 2017.
The director of the Disease Department stuff & # 39; OPS, Marcos Espinal, indicated that the region has made important progress thanks a lot to the fact that more than three quarters of people suffering with HIV were diagnosed and nearly 80% are in treatment. But still & # 39; to be done, he added.
One in four people with HIV in the region still does not know who is a carrier
"The World Day to Combat AIDS reminds us that, despite these advances, 1 in 4 people living with HIV in the still region do not know they have it, not yet the care and thus have a higher risk die prematurely and infect others, "said Dr. Espinal.
F & # 39; this regard, OPS warned that major population groups with the highest risk of contracting HIV in the region continue to be left out of vital services a & # 39; prevention and monitoring.
Most – new infections occur in men and gay men who have sex with men, representing 41% of new cases in Latin America and 23% in the Caribbean. The sex workers and their clients, trans women and people who inject drugs are affected by & # 39; disproportionate way by HIV.
Too late diagnosis
Currently, one third of people with HIV in the region are diagnosed after becoming ill and presenting symptoms, when their immunity has already been affected and after exposing sexual partners to possible transmission & # 39; HIV.
"There's too late diagnosis. In 2017, 29% of new cases diagnosed in Latin America and nearly a quarter & # 39; new diagnosis in the Caribbean were among people at an advanced stage & # 39; infection," said the Team director & # 39; UNAIDS Regional Support, César Núñez.
The campaign & # 39; this year striving to eliminate such obstacles stigma and discrimination to prevent key populations from accessing the & # 39; detection and treatment services.
The OPS recommended that health systems expanding options for HIV testing and include those that can be made by the person at home, in addition to offering test & # 39; other places outside the health centers, flexible schedules and results the same day.
Similarly, he urged reduce age young people can submit to an HIV test without the consent of & # 39; parent or guardian. Currently, third & # 39; new infections occur among young people & # 39; between 15 and 24 years.
The PAHO also favor include in the package of & # 39; preventive services providing & # 39; post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for those who have been exposed to HIV, and prophylaxis & # 39; pre-exposure (prep) for those in & # 39; high risk & # 39; infection.
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