four & # 39; Nobel Prizes will be presented in Chile, within the framework of the Future Congress, the main pool & # 39 For the first time,; scientists and intellectuals in the country, which will be held from 14 & # 39; in January to 20 & # 39; Santiago and regions.
Scientists will be presented by the Nobel Foundation in an activity called "Nobel Prize Dialogue", which will be held on 19 & # 39; January in the previous National Congress. The guests, along with & # 39; other outstanding experts, will present on the topic "Future & # 39; Learning".
There will be a French Serge Haroche, Nobel Physics 2012; British Michael Kosterlitz, 2016 Nobel Physics; and American Bruce BEUTLER, Nobel of Medicine in 2011, and Brian Schmidt, Nobel Physics of the same year.
On the – of – Nobel interventions. T
Haroche will begin with a lecture "The utility & # 39; useless knowledge", 10: 15. BEUTLER and Kosterlitz will be at 10: 30 in the panel "How we can give knowledge?". Schmidt, in turn, will make a brief discussion at 10: 50 on the theme "The role of & # 39; university".
At 12: 20, BEUTLER will participate in the panel "How to prepare for a technological future". Meanwhile, 14: 25, Haroche will be part of the debate "Visions of the future of education".
Finally, BEUTLER, Haroche and Kosterlitz will also talk about "My best teacher" in 03: 25
The physical born in Morocco
But who are the Nobel Prizes?
Haroche is a French scholar and researcher who specializes in atomic physics and quantum optics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2012 for designing & # 39; methods for the study of quantum mechanics behavior & # 39; individual photon, with American David Wineland.
Born in & # 39; Casablanca (Morocco) where that place was French protectorate, in 1944, in the heart & # 39; Jewish family, where moved to France in 1956.
He received a Ph.D. in his Physics from the University & # 39; Paris VI in 1971, b & # 39; post-doctoral post at Stanford, and was a professor at MIT, Harvard and Yale. and worked in a prestigious research center CNRS and currently makes in France College and Higher Normal School in Paris, two famous French country institutions.
The last year was already in & # 39; country, within the framework of & # 39; event & # 39; the University of Chile, to talk about "Science and Truth". He also visited the observatory of ALMA and was at the festival of Puerto de Ideas. "Without basic science may not arise any kind & # 39; technology," he told the newspaper Third.
Son of Nazi persecution
His British colleague Michael Kosterlitz, meanwhile, studied at the University & # 39; Brown and received a PhD in Physics from the University & # 39; Oxford. He won the Nobel for his studies on the subject phases, along with & # 39; David Thouless and Duncan Haldane. He and academic at Brown University & # 39; Birmingham.
He was born in & # 39; Berdam in 1943, the son of German Jewish migrants. His father was the biochemical Hans Kosterlitz, who escaped from Nazi Germany in 1934, and his name was the Center of & # 39; & # 39 Kosterlitz of; University & # 39; Aberdeen.
Besides the physical is passionate climber, from the 60s, a citizen of the United States and convinced atheist. He is married and has two children.
Specialist & # 39; immunology
Bruce BEUTLER, meanwhile, is immunoloġista and genetic born in 1957 in Chicago. He won the Nobel prize along with his colleague Ralph Steinman. Currently he is professor and director of the Genetics Department of the Scripps Research Institute in & # 39; La Jolla, California.
Born in & # 39; Jewish family, was a little genius: a 18-year-old graduated from the University & # 39; 23 in California and received his doctorate in medicine from the University & # 39; Chicago. Then he has specialized in herpes simplex virus and autoimmunity was a professor at the University & # 39; and Rockefeller University & # 39; Texas.
He received several awards, such as Robert Koch, as well as an honorary doctor of the Technical University & # 39; Munich.
old Chilean Family
Finally, the physical Brian Schmidt is the smallest among the four: Montana was born in 1967.
He has a doctorate in astronomy from the University & # 39; Harvard. In 1995, he became a member of the Australian National University, which later became a professor, among other positions. It was awarded the Nobel plus & # 39; Adam Riess and Saul Permutte, for their discoveries about the rapid expansion of & # 39; the universe through & # 39; & # 39 observations; distant supernovae.
This contribution was made possible, among others, thanks to previous work & # 39; Chilean astronomers José Maza and Mario Hamuy, as Schmidt himself later acknowledged.
"They are part of tgħallimni how do astronomy and their work was absolutely fundamental in our discovery. We worked together, have used the work done, really found the acceleration of the universe as a whole. It was not happening without citizens -Ċileni, "he said to FayerWayer site.
He studied Physics and Astronomy at the University & # 39; Arizona, and has lived in Australia since 1994. In 1998, as a member of the research team of project & # 39; Supernova Cosmology, he found evidence that the expansion of the universe was accelerating, discovered that journal science he appointed the most important year.
is currently conducting a celestial mapping project for the space telescope project and is part of the Review Network on Southern Air. As a curiosity, is also wine.
it doctor honoris Case of the University of Chile from 2012. F & # 39; that occasion ddettaw conference also asked the country to invest in education. A year later, the talk of "the potential of & # 39; Astronomy as engine & # 39; Economic Development" in the country.
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