The dental problems are chronic disease, the most common and frequent in the population, which is an important problem in public health because of its high impact, especially in lower socio-economic stratum, as well as the high cost of treatment.
Vidal Alejandro Pomés, dental surgeon and professor in the Faculty of Dentistry & # 39; the purpose terrae University, describes dental problems most often requested by the Ċiljani.
It is a chronic disease of multifactorial & # 39; microbial, which is characterized by destruction of hard tooth tissue. Starting with & # 39; miniminalizzazzjoni the tooth enamel, the most superficial layer of the teeth, caused by acid generating set & # 39; organized bacteria called bacterial plaque.
They take advantage of the residue of Dietary our "civilized", which is generally rich in carbohydrates contained in candy, cookies and drinks, among others.
"After this initial superficial chemical type attack, the bacteria continue to invade the dental structures, causing the destruction of dentina, tissue tracking in deep enamel"POMES explains.
According to statistics from the Ministry of Health (Minsal), cavities starting from the first years of life and present a significant increase in age. Within two years the prevalence of tooth is & # 39; 17.5%, 49.6% at 4 years is 6 years, where mixed dentition, is temporary and definitive teeth, 70.4%. At the age of & # 39; 12 years is 62.5% and increased to 99.4% in & # 39; adult & # 39; between 65 and 74 years.
2. gingival and periodontal diseases:
POMES points to other dental problems that most of Ċiljani consult is the Disease gingivitis, Which is the inflammation of the gums caused mainly by bacterial plaque that described above.
According to the academic, if the inflammation is not controlled, the process continues with & # 39; periodontal disease, which has the same bacterial origin.
"The gingivitis is characterized by loss & # 39; tooth insertion, ie, the tissue loss keep teeth into the jaw bone, that without treatment also leads to the loss of & # 39; them ", emphasizes the professor.
3. Anomalies Dentomaxillary:
They anatomical and / or functional alterations affecting harmonic relationship dentomaxillari and / or oral cavity skeletal. According POMES, there are several factors associated, including genetic component, non & # 39; growth & # 39; one or both jaws, the number and size tooth anomalies, premature loss of & # 39; temporary teeth, interproximali abundance, habits & # 39; and mouth breathing, among others.
4. Oral Cancer:
It is a disease that is characterized as a chronic and complex process. "The factors & # 39; major risk as tobacco consumption, consumption & # 39;, Pomés warnings.
Cases & # 39; oral and pharyngeal cancer, according to figures & # 39; Minsal, representing 1.5% of total cancer cases in men and 0.7% in women.
The professor of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University terrae purposes underlines that it is essential to look for strategies to promote the incorporation of & # 39; & # 39 healthy habits; Oral hygiene and food from the child population. "The transfer of knowledge about oral health from the dentist to the educational equipment is essential. In addition, patients should periodically visit a dentist", Is finished.