Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director & # 39; last Tango in & # 39; Paris, The Last Emperor and The Dreamers, died at the age of & # 39; 77 having slowed down with cancer, his publisher confirmed. He had been confined to a wheelchair for more than ten years, after surgery on a herniated disc in 2003 failed and failed go.
In the film career that lasted back to 60 early years, Bertolucci became a leading figure of the extraordinary Italian New Wave (together, and the same, Antonioni, Fellini and Pasolini) but – uniquely – made transition b & # 39; success for large -scale Hollywood film the Last Emperor with a & # 39; 1987, won nine & # 39; Oscars, including best picture and best director for Bertolucci.
Bertolucci was born in & # 39; Parma in 1940, the child & # 39; poet and teacher, and raised in & # 39; literary and artistic atmosphere. His father was friends with Attilio & # 39; Pier Paolo Pasolini, then novelist and poet, and Pasolino Bertolucci hired a & # 39; 20 years as his assistant in his debut & # 39; 1961, Accattone. This showed the great ugly & # 39; Bertolucci: Pasolini helped him further by recommending him as the writings of & # 39; La Commare Seccas (The Skinny Gossip aka The Grim Reaper), which became directly debut & # 39; Bertolucci in 1962.
Bertolucci continued to contribute as a man & # 39; writer and ideas, especially on the epic of spaghetti & # 39; Sergio Leone western Once Upon a Time In The West. But his career took off with direttorja Before the Revolution (1964), account & # 39; & # 39 of Parma; affair & # 39; & # 39 student with Marxist; his aunt, and a strong influence The conformist (1970), who both left the commitment & # 39; Bertolucci radical policy & # 39; left. "I lived in & # 39; type & # 39; communism dream," remarked later.
The conformist also marked the start of collaboration & # 39; Bertolucci with cinema Vittorio Storaro (camera operator who was on before the Revolution). Together, the pair create a series of & # 39; visually seductive musical works, including stratagem of & # 39; Spider & # 39; s (1970), Last Tango in & # 39; Paris (1972) and 1900 (1976). Last Tango, which starrka to Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, made to internationally renowned Bertolucci – and notorious – and allowed him to cast recruiters & # 39; profile, including Robert De Niro, Gérard Depardieu and Burt Lancaster, for his epic a & # 39; 300 minutes.
The Last Emperor, supported by British producer Jeremy Thomas, became the biggest success & # 39; & # 39 awards; Bertolucci, with filmaturi gained unprecedented permission to finance within the City of Projbitata & # 39; Beijing. Having made such large-scale success, Bertolucci into & # 39; to & # 39; Thomas, and the pair went on to make The Sheltering Sky, Stealing Beauty and The Dreamers. In the film & # 39; the latter, Bertolucci again & # 39; entered the mix & # 39; radicals and erotic policy had made dozens of & # 39; years before.
However, a precursor to the #MeToo campaign, unleashed & # 39; controversy in 2016 over the extent of the consent of the player Maria Schneider in the infamous butter scene & # 39; Last Tango, after three video & # 39; three years in Bertolucci and Brando admitted that he had failed to fully inform about the details of the proposal scene.
The final feature & # 39; Bertolucci was Me and You, adapted from a novel & # 39; Niccolò Ammaniti. He was married from 1978 to filmatur Clare Peploe, but had no children.