Saturday , June 25 2022

The climate change is already a health emergency, experts say | environment



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The health of people is canceled today by climate change through & # 39; effects ranging from waves & # 39; Deadly heat in Europe for an increase in dengue fever in the tropics, according to a report.

Billions & # 39; & # 39 hours; farm work was lost in high temperatures and global warming damaged the ability to grow crops, he said.

The number of & # 39; Lancet on Health and Climate Change was produced by 150 experts from 27 universities and institutions including the World Health Organization and the World Bank.

"The findings are clear and shares can not be higher," said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director general of WHO. "We can not delay action on climate change. We can not move again from this health emergency for longer."

The report sets out the impacts of global warming on health f & # 39; strong terms. "Climate is changing with & # 39; fast way has adverse implications for every aspect of human life, exposing vulnerable populations to extreme & # 39; weather, changing patterns & # 39; infectious diseases, and compromise safety food, good drinking water and clean air ".

Nick Watts, the executive director of The Lancet Countdown, said: "These are things that are taking place in 2050 but things are already seeing today. We think of these as the canary, ironically, the coal mine . "

On Tuesday, the UN said that action to reduce carbon emissions must be dealt with to avoid catastrophic warming. Reached the international negotiations on climate change on Monday in Poland.

The Lancet report said failure & # 39; progress "threatens both human life and the viability of national health systems that depend on them, with the potential to excel in the service health ".

Surveys in leaders report & # 39; nearly 500 global city found half expected that the infrastructure of their public health is seriously compromised by climate change, which means systemic failures such as closing & # 39; hospitals.

Wave & # 39; hot in Europe this summer was linked & # 39; hundreds & # 39; premature deaths in the UK alone. MPs said in & # 39; July that the UK was "sadly unprepared" for waves & # 39; heat.

The Lancet report says populations in Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean are f & # 39; greater risk than those in Africa and Southeast Asia due to the high proportion of & # 39; vulnerable and elderly people living in cities.

As temperatures rise around the world, the report says that 157 million more vulnerable people were subject to & # 39; heat wave in 2017 than in 2000. hot conditions directly harmful to health through & # 39; relief, but dehydration and worsening & # 39; conditions such as heart disease are also very dangerous. The heat also worsen the air pollution and mental health problems.

Professor Kristie Ebi, of & # 39; University & # 39; Washington, said: "Now largest death occurs in waves & # 39; extreme heat [but] there is ample evidence that communities are prepared for ongoing increases in frequency, the wave intensity and duration of & # 39; heat. "

The Lancet report said 153bn hour & # 39; work lost in 2017 because of extreme heat, 80% of it in agriculture. Almost half of the losses were in India, equivalent to 7% of the total population of his work, while China lost the equivalent of & # 39; 1.4% of its workforce. "This has led to huge losses to the national economies and household budgets", said Prof Joacim Rocklöv of & # 39; University & # 39; Umeå in Sweden.

relatively small changes in temperature and rainfall can cause large changes in transmission & # 39; infectious diseases spread by water and mosquitoes. The ability of the virus being transmitted dengue fever – its vector capacity – reached a record high in 2016, according to the report, 10% higher than baseline & # 39; 1950. The danger from the cholera risk was also increased in & # 39; regions such as the Baltic states where the sea has warmed quickly.

Doctors not involved in the report said that presented convincing evidence. "It is clear that climate change is having a direct effect on our health," said Howard Frumkin, head of the Wellcome Trust Our Planet, Our Health program. "All sectors should prioritize action on climate change if we reduce b & # 39; significantly the potentially devastating impact on the planet and our health, affecting future generations" .

Prof. Paul Ekin, of University College London, said the health benefits of combating climate change have been understated, b & # 39; only 5% of the funds for adaptation to global warming.

"These benefits are huge, almost long and affect our health immediately," said Ekin. "If you factor in & # 39; these benefits, reduce emissions [keep the temperature rise below] 1.5C will be a net benefit to humanity at & # 39; monetary terms. "

The report & # 39; Lancet noted some promising trends, such as phasing out coal and growth of electric cars.

Prof Hilary Graham, a & # 39; University & # 39; York and part of the team & # 39; Countdown Lancet, said that linking health and climate change can & # 39; help spur further action. "Health is what people feel. It makes a direct connection to & # 39; lives and the lives of the people love like children and their grandchildren."

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