Monday , September 26 2022

Viruses are probably old weed Why Has THC and CBD


Humans have been consuming cannabis for millennia, but scientists are still in the majority in the dark about the felt of the devil. Thanks to new research, we now have a potential answer to Mystery & # 39; & # 39 science remains; a & # 39; pot: Why weed has special chemical compounds that affect humans, and other plants do?

I speak, of course, a & # 39; THC and CBD, compounds known as cannabinoids found in cannabis and have various effects on humans. THC is well known as the main psychoactive component of cannabis (ie height happens), and CBD recently become fashionable as an ingredient in & # 39; aggregate drinks to cosmetics.

According to a study published in the issue of & # 39; November & # 39; Genome Research, Not always these compounds exist in two distinct plant now nsejħul cannabis. According to the study, millions of & # 39; years ago, the ancient viruses may have colonized the genome of the plant and aċċeleraw evolutionary process changed his DNA and given us the THC and CBD.

"The protein [for THC and CBD] are incorporated into & # 39; this huge mess & # 39; like sequences to the virus, "said Tim Hughes, molecular genetics professor at the University & # 39; Toronto and co-author of the study, at the phone. "one thing that these sequences are known to facilitate the rearrangement of chromosomes, and are actually a bit dangerous with & # 39; this way."

According to Hughes, these viruses could accelerate evolutionary process that resulted in & # 39; & # 39 gene, a single enzyme in cannabis changing in two, and eventually gives THC and CBD. "It is easy to imagine that, on a scale & # 39; a long time, this process happened more and more in & # 39; this part of the chromosome where these two enzymes are", he said.

This change led to the ancient cannabis sharing in & # 39; distinct types chemically, and humans were then selected for plants with & # 39; desirable features such as high THC, according to a press release for the study.

It's hard to say x & # 39; was cannabis before the old viruses helped develop the properties we are familiar with today, but according to Hughes some of its closest relatives are innoċidi plants such as raspberries and hops.

Read more: Canadian researchers are stoked About Access to Legal Weed

The discovery probably the ancient viruses are people who light up any cannabis to unwind is by-product of & # 39; Hughes and research of his colleagues, which is the first full map the cannabis genome to be published by & # 39; academic way. In February, a startup based Colorado Sunrise Genetics revealed the genome map of cannabis in & # 39; conference but has not issued a document, said he would share the work with & # 39; public way "in & # 39; less than one year . " Hughes and his colleagues published a draft genome of cannabis in 2011, but it was not detailed enough to reveal the position of & # 39; genes on the chromosome.

These maps are essential to improve the poor understanding of & # 39; the cannabis plant. Hughes and his colleagues map already pay dividends beyond discovering the possible role of viruses in the production of THC and CBD. According to researchers, they also identified a gene responsible for the production of & # 39; third cannabinoid called CBC.

And there is much left to learn about plant that most people consume regularly, but science has yet to fully understand. big one, according to Hughes, is that THC and CBD using the cannabis plant itself, assuming that these compounds have developed long before humans came to the World. "It's just accidental that they have these effects on people", said Hughes.

Soon we see more studies sondaw fundamental uncertainties of cannabis science thanks to new wave & # 39; emerging research in view of the plant legalization in Canada. Previously, it was difficult for researchers to get their hands on the plant to study, and the money needed to carry out their research. Now, what is changing, then it is our understanding of cannabis.

"It is a plan, and do these things, biochemical, and not like we do not have the ability to do the same things we f & # 39; other plants, animals, and microbes," said Hughes. "It's just that nobody was doing it because we can."

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