Wednesday , September 28 2022

Cosmic Airburst May Have Wiped Out Part of-the Middle East 3,700 Years Ago


Some 3,700 years ago, a meteor or comet exploded over the Middle East, as human life across a wiping out swaths of land called Middle Ghor, north of the-Dead Sea, say Archaeologist Who of-the-evidence have found cosmic airburst.

The airburst "in an instant, devastated approximately 500 km2 [about 200 square miles] immediately north of the-Dead Sea, not wiping out 100 Percent of-the-only [cities] and Towns, pocket ALSO Agricultural stripping Soils From Once fields FERTILE and a covering-the eastern Middle Ghor With a super-heated Brine of Dead Sea anhydride pushed salts over the landscape by-the event's Frontal waves shock, "the Researchers wrote in-the abstract for a That Was paper presented at-the American Schools of Oriental Research Annual meeting Held in Denver Nov. 14 to 17. Anhydride salts are a from of salt and sulfates.

"Based upon archaeological-the-evidence, it tooks at least-600-years sufficiently to Recover from The Soil contamination Destruction and again before Civilization Could Become Established in-the-Middle eastern Ghor," They wrote. Amongs the-places destroyed Was Tall el-Hammam, an ancient city That covered 89 acres (36 hectares) of land. [Wipe Out: History’s Most Mysterious Extinctions]

That amongs the-the-evidence approach for Scientists uncovered the-airburst are 3,700-year-old pieces of pottery From Tall el-Hammam That have an unusual appearance. The surface of pottery-the thought Been vitrified (turned to glass). The Was temperature ALSO so high That pieces of zircon With The pottery turned Into gas – something to That Requires a temperature of More Than 7230 degrees Fahrenheit (4000 Celsius degrees), said Phillip Silvia, a Field Archaeologist and supervisor With The Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project. However, the-heat, whiles POWERFUL, did not last long Enough to burn through Entire pottery pieces, leaving parts of the-beneath-the-surface POTTERY relatively unscathed.

The naturally occurring-only event capable of Causing Suchi an unusual pattern of Destruction, Silvia said, the airburst a cosmic – That Has something to occasionally occurred throughout Earth's history, as Suchi-the-Explosion at Tunguska in Siberia in 1908.

ALSO, archaeological excavations and surveys at Other Towns With The impacted area, sudden wipeout Suggest a life of around 3700 years ago, Silvia said. So rat, no craters Nearby Have Been found, and it's unclear WHETHER-the culprit Was That a meteor or comet exploded ABOVES the-ground.

The fact That-only 200 square miles of land destroyed Was That indicates-the airburst occurred at a low altitude, possibly not More Than 3,280 Feet (1 km) ABOVES the-ground Silvia said. In Comparison, Damaged heavily-the Tunguska airburst 830 square miles, or 2,150 square kilometersof land.

The team's Results are preliminary and the Ongoing Research, Silvia emphasized. The INCLUDE-members team of Scientists From Trinity Southwest University, Northern Arizona University, DePaul University, Elizabeth City State University, New Mexico Tech Research Group And The Comet.

Originally Published on Live Science.

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