Bernardo Bertolucci, whose epic "The Last Emperor" won nine & # 39; Oscars and influence generations of & # 39; filmmakers with & # 39; other innovative works such as "The conformist" and "Last Tango in Paris", which explored policy and sexuality through & # 39; work, died. He was 77.
His publisher, Flavia Schiavi, Bertolucci said he died at his home in & # 39; Rome on 7 & # 39; on Monday evening. He was suffering from cancer.
The biggest Italian author of his generation, Bertolucci managed to work both in Europe as well as in & # 39; Malta, although his relationship with & # 39; the studios had its ups and downs. But even when operating within the system & # 39; study, Bertolucci got always make films that were considered projections of the world & # 39; its interior.
"The First Emperor," the adaptation of awtoprogramm & # 39; pointer last emperor of China, Pu Yi, earned Oscar & # 39; 1987, and won every category it was nominated, including best picture and best director. By & # 39; this, Bertolucci became the first and only Italian to win the Oscar for best director. "The Last Emperor" is among the films that have won the most Academy Awards and was also the first Western epic about China made with the Chinese government cooperation.
Born on 16 & # 39; March, 1941, in a wealthy family in the northern Italian city & # 39; Parma, Bertolucci was gifted at a young age. The son of poet and writer known Attilio Bertolucci, he himself won a prize for poetry at the age of & # 39; 21, then decided to become director.
He began as an assistant to another Italian poet Pier Paolo Pasolini, on the first feature & # 39; Pasolini "Accattone", in 1961, photo & # 39; Roman pimp. The film & # 39; own debut & # 39; Bertolucci, "The Grim Reaper" in 1962, was an investigation into the killing of & # 39; Roman prostitute from various views. The film screened at the Film Festival & # 39; Venice.
Two years later, Bertolucci was in line Critics Week & # 39; & # 39 Cannes with; the semi-autobiographical "Before the Revolution", set in & # 39; Parma, about student & # 39; which is spent 20 years & # 39; burgesa between compliance and revolutionary Marxiżmu and having incestuous affair with his attractive young aunt, who was Adriana Asti. Bertolucci Asti married couple after the film was released, but the couple divorced a few years later.
In 1970, he received the first nomination of the Academy Award for adapted screen & # 39; "The conformist", based on a novel & # 39; Alberto Moravia. The film is set during the period fascists & # 39; Italy and centered on intellectual itturmentat (Jean-Louis Trintignant) recruited by the secret police & # 39; Mussolini to go to Paris to jaħma anti Fasquist professor who was once his teacher.
Kinetikament shot from the cinema Vittorio Storaro, "The conformist" is now hailed as a masterpiece exercised a major influence on other films, especially the so-called directors & # 39; New Hollywood of the day, including Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese and Francis Ford Coppola.
Although "Tango" is considered one of the most important films of the 20th century, it generated particular controversy in its analyzed scene, in which the butter is used as a lubricant. Bertolucci acknowledged later that the scene came as a surprise Schneider, then 19, to get authentic feedback it "as a girl, not as an actress."
Before his death in 2011, Schneider told interviewer was "humiliated and felt a little stupid …" by Brando and Bertolucci. But the director always denied it was żbaljaha.
"I think it success" Last Tango & 39 #, s' is partly due to the scandal, the sodomy, butter, but in truth, is desperate film tremendously, "said Bertolucci variety f & # 39; 2011 interview. "It is very rare that such desperation film manages to have such broad audience."
"Last Tango" and landing in a Bertolucci & # 39; & # 39 situation; trouble with the law in & # 39; countrymen. He was raised on charges of & # 39; obscenity, caused him to lose his civil rights for five years. "Could not vote, and that was the kkastigaw" party, said. "I no longer Italian jienx."
The political exile & # 39; types played a part in his choice to make what he called "the remotest his film" set in & # 39; distant places: "The Last Emperor" in China; "The Sheltering Sky" (1990), based on Paul Bowles novel, in Africa & # 39; America; and "Little Buddha" (1993), Nepal and Bhutan.
The Bertolucci gained worldwide fame with & # 39; "Last Tango" allowed him to bring & # 39; the first production of & # 39; Hollywood, the historical epic "1900," in Italy. It stars Burt Lancaster – was so keen to be in the film, to avoid problems with & # 39; his agent, worked with & # 39; anything – and also Donald Sutherland, young Robert De Niro and Gerard Depardieu. They acted together with farmers from the region & # 39; Emilia & # 39; Italy, where it has a big representation of the social struggle.
The director & # 39; & # 39 of Bertolucci; "1900" was & # 39; five hours, 17 minutes, leading to a fierce battle with & # 39; Paramount. The version released in the US in 1977 recorded three hours and five minutes. Fighting, and mixed critical response of the film, nearly ended the career of & # 39; Bertolucci.
But 10 years later, in 1987, went back to the United States when the Academy gave nine & # 39; Oscars to "The Last Emperor", a big star epic stars John Lone and Joan Chen. After years & # 39; volatile relations with & # 39; Hollywood, Bertolucci called for his Oscar-night triumph "perhaps the most curious moment & # 39; Hollywood".
In 1996, Bertolucci made his first film in 15 years to be set and shot in Italy, the English "Stealing Beauty", Tyler Liv starring & # 39; 19 years as the main character f & # 39; account of sexual initiation in Tuscany. It followed that the chamber drama & # 39; Rome "besieged", in 1998, and Paris-set "The Dreamers" in 2004 paean to the Paris & # 39; 1968 and the films in devoured & # 39; that legendary Cinémathèque Française.
Among the many awards conferred were Palme d & # 39; Or Honorarju of & # 39; Cannes Film Festival for life achievement, in 2011; the Festival Honorary Lion Lion & # 39; Film & # 39; Venice, in 2007; Leopard of Honor and the Locarno Film Festival in 1997. He led the jury & # 39; Venice twice, in 1983 and 2013, and during the jury & # 39; Cannes in 1990.
Bertolucci dderivja his latest film, the intimate drama & # 39; after age "Me and You", despite being in & # 39; wheelchair, allegedly due to several botched surgeries for herniated disc. The first film of its Italian language in 23 years, the film centers on adolescents who connects with & # 39; half sister heroin addiction. "Me and You" at most was killed in & # 39; large room in the Trastevere quarter of & # 39; Rome, the residence corner & # 39; Bertolucci and had no competition in & # 39; Cannes in 2012.
Second marriage & # 39; Bertolucci, for production and costume designer Maria Paola Maino, ended in divorce. He survived by his third wife, the driver and the director Clare Peploe, which is held in 1979.