26 & # 39; November 2018 09:00 AM
Updated 26 & # 39; November 2018 9:03
Bernardo Bertolucci, one – of – of great masters – Italian cinema, creator & # 39; cinematographic masterpieces such The last tango f & # 39; Paris, NOVECENTO and Last emperador, a film that earned him two Oscars for best director and best original script, died this Monday in 77 years.
Ill for some time, Bertolucci died at his home on Via de la Lungara f & # 39; Trastevere in & # 39; this capital, after a respiratory crisis, according to Italian media announcements, which did not feel to define filmatur famous as "the last emperor of Italian cinema."
Born in & # 39; Parma 16 & # 39; March, 1941, Bertolucci has grown cinema with & # 39; Pier Paolo Pasolini, who was assistant director between 1960 and 1961, his father Attilio, a poet known. Was it & # 39; the latter urged him at the age of & # 39; 20 years to publish his first poems won a major literary prize in 1962 (Viareggio). That same year, Bernardo, who lived in & # 39; environment marked by culture and literature, made his debut as a director with & # 39; information Pasolini ( The commare Seccas) And two years later, with Prima della rivoluzione, Began to be known as the author & # 39; & # 39 new generation; filmmakers who joined & # 39; & # 39 with creative inspiration, social commitment.
After years & # 39; experimentation, wrote the script of the spaghetti western Once off the West, a & # 39; Sergio Leone (1969) and in 1972 acquired international stature with & # 39; El conformista, a film based on a story & # 39; his friend Alberto Moravia, who was a candidate for best screenplay Oscar.
In 1974 he obtained another type of & # 39; world fame by shocking the world with & # 39; Last tango in & # 39; Paris, Starring Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, who interpret human adrift that the only way out is transgression. The film, in addition to the scandal, caused gigantic controversy (and judicial) taken from too brutal scene, but also earned Oscar nomination for best direction. In 2016, Bertolucci – who was sentenced to several months & # 39; suspended prison in Italy from the film – described as "ridikulu" in its request & # 39; Schneider felt it was a breach of the director because of his decision not jwissihx of & # 39; X & # 39; can & # 39; happening in the scene.
In 1976 Bertolucci ordered NOVECENTO, A blockbuster & # 39; Hollywood about the history of Italy in collaboration with & # 39; actors of the stature & # 39; Robert De Niro and Gérard Depardieu had enormous repercussions. Though his most awarded work in the United States was The Last Emperor, centered on the true story & # 39; Pu Yi, the last Chinese monarch, who won nine & # 39; laureates by the Academy in 1988, along with & # 39; other international awards.
In 1990, he registered in Morocco Refugio para el amor, about the world tragic and elegant expatriates, based on the novel The protective sky & # 39; Paul Bowles, b & # 39; Debra Winger and John Malkovich, while in 1993 film Little Buddha with & # 39; Keanu Reeves and Bridget Fonda, set in Nepal and the United States
Return to Rome, in 1996 he addressed the siege, history & # 39; completely filled deep obsession. And again in 2003 & # 39; back to 1968 and his beloved mythical with & # 39; The Dreamers, history & # 39; three people to discover erotic, political and cinephilia at the same time, film evoked some atmospheres & # 39; Ultimo tango f & # 39; Paris.
In 2007, the festival & # 39; Venice distinguished between the Lion & # 39; Black and trajectory; In 2011, Cannes did the same, by granting the palm & # 39; his honorary Golden.
The death & # 39; Bertolucci caused great sadness in Italy, where personalities from the world of politics and culture coincided to highlight his enormous legacy. "It is a day & # 39; sad for culture, Bernado Bertolucci was one of the masters of the great museum of Italian cinema, giant & # 39; nine & # 39; percent", said the former Minister of Culture Dario Franceschini. "His works have gone and made for generations and have great Italian cinema", he added.
"He was a great director, fundamental for Italian cinema, which was a great dream and a great friend", the Liliana producer Cavani told the ANSA news agency: "We talked and saw each other often. It was always surprised by the courage in his foot and his well-being, regardless of age and its conditions, always in today's world, always surrounded by young people, always available ".
"Very bored to say goodbye to a dear friend and director b & # 39; gifted as Bernardo Bertolucci, who managed with his work in jġorrna & # 39; unique artistic dimensions", said Franco Zeffirelli producer.
Although Bertolucci will be fired privately, he also thinks about honor at Capitol, headquarters of the municipality of & # 39; Rome.