Dr. Oswaldo Carmona, urologist, defined this pathology as a "malignant tumor has the ability to metastasize", that invade other parts of the body such as lymph nodes and bone, which occurs when tumor cells arise.
In Venezuela, the incidence of & # 39; this type of & # 39; neoplasia is & # 39; 4 to 6% new cases each year, and the mortality recorded in 2016 was 2940, according to the latest study on the cancer situation in the country, led by (VAS), with the support of the Center for Statistics and Applied Mathematics & # 39; the Simón Bolívar University (FURNIR).
Carmona stressed that one of the biggest problems & # 39; this condition is that it is assimptomata f & # 39; 90% of cases, and so many patients are diagnosed when they have advanced stage of the disease. Hence the importance of early prevention.
He pointed out that the only way that men can prevent or destroy it before it metastasizes by visiting the urologist of 40 years if he has a family history, or & # 39; 45 if he has one. "The control should be annual or biennial, according to the specific prostate antigen values for blood."
Therefore, it is recommended to perform the test to determine the concentration of & # 39; this substance, which is often high in men with & # 39; prostate cancer, along with & # 39; rectal exam that allows to identify the presence or absence of & # 39; nodules, the doctor explained.
a & # 39; Risk Factors
Dr. Oswaldo Carmona commented that the specific cause of & # 39; this type of & # 39; tumor is still unknown, but heredity shown to be a factor of & # 39; significant risk, so men whose parents, brothers or uncles developed cancer have a greater propensity than those m & # 39; have a family history .
He added that age, obesity, style & # 39; sedentary lifestyle and smoking are other cases, as in other types of & # 39; cancers, so with examinations mentioned above is also necessary to change the life habits that affect their appearance.
The urologist confirmed that the treatment will depend on the patient's age, the stage which is the disease and can & # 39; includes radicals prostettomija (removal of the gland of all prostate and tissue slice surrounding), in the case of & # 39; & # 39 young people with, localized cancer; as well as brachytherapy (internal radiation) and other therapies in radiant & # 39; elderly patients. NP