(Bloomberg) – From a distance, the view is beautiful: dark jlaħlaħ group with the sun in & # 39; south and reflects the clouds pass. But when approaching road filled & # 39; droppings to three storage tanks, strong odor clarify the scene. It is not pretty: it's oil spill.
F & # 39; this place in Belt of & # 39; the Orinoco, a region in Venezuela nomination to the river through the largest oil deposits in the world, so buckets were filtered from pipelines under land to pit & # 39; 200 square meters around the tank is full to the edge. The country seems from such scenes because this vertical deterioration of infrastructure & # 39; Petroleos de Venezuela after years of & # 39; negligence, little investment and scandals & # 39; corruption during the regime of President Hugo Chavez and his successor, Nicolás Maduro.
Venezuela, OPEC member that depends on oil sales for almost half the national budget, is extracting black gold at the lower levels of the 1940s.
The spread is obvious evidence & # 39; what went badly in PDVSA. The company does not publish statistics of the state, but environmentalists, analysts and employees have a long list of & # 39; & # 39 examples; spread & # 39; oil, caused by broken valves and joints, cracks and other distribution pipelines.
On paper, the policy of & # 39; cleaning & # 39; PDVSA is tight, because if the spread is not quickly treated, they become environmental liabilities, said Carmen Infante, a consultant based in sector & # 39; Karċellona. But resources are so scarce that answers are rarely quick or comprehensive. According to workers at & # 39; this area, most of the contractors services specializing in cleaning the spill, with trucks equipped with vacuum cleaners giants, failed after several problems & # 39; Payment with & # 39 ; PDVSA.
The drilling towers and extraction pumps are part of the landscape in rural Orinoco belt. So are black ponds, in ditches, under bushes, road, or around tanks. While not all the result of & # 39; spread – the land oil is common in business – analysts and industry consultants say there is much more than what would be considered normal.
PDVSA stopped publishing the data spread in 2016. That year, the number of & # 39; annual accidents were kwadruplikaw 1999.
B & # 39; small data is difficult for experts to calculate the cost of decontamination, but there are some indications: Infante says that only 12 367 pit & # 39; petroleum waste, not a victim and potentially contaminated, that PDVSA recognized that existed 10 years ago, would need around US. $ 2,200 million to meet internationally accepted standards.
There is a lot about the state of infrastructure concerns when it comes time to restore the industry & # 39; is activated, said Juan Carlos Sánchez, environmental consultant at & # 39; Cas Caracas who was working for the company.
To recap & # 39; & # 39 start to work in; this field, more money may be needed from Venezuela who won the last year with sales of & # 39; Crude oil on the foreign market: US $ 22,000 million.
Original Note: Venezuela is making Everywhere Oil and Hazardous Making Mess
Reporter in the original note: Fabiola Zerpa in Office & # 39; Caracas, [email protected]
Editors responsible for the original story: Patricia Laya, [email protected], Anne Reifenberg
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