Thursday , June 24 2021

The Insight NASA probe landed in & # 39; & # 39 Mars after seven; month & # 39; travel



Pasadena, United States.- "Landing confirmed!": The American probe Insight issued Monday on Martja soil and has already sent the first photograph of the surface of red plant.

Seven & # 39; & # 39 years; work seven & # 39; & # 39 months; travel in space, the US probe Insight "cocked" and shortly after sending the image.

Each stage & # 39; success & # 39; this millimeter and risky hubbub raised center control Laboratory & # 39; Jet Propulsion of (JPL) of NASA in & # 39; Pansadena, California.

The "landing confirmed" in the voice controller led the rest of her colleagues in control to bright with joy and embrace f & # 39; celebration. It happened 11: 52: 59 California time (19:52:59 GMT), minutes earlier than planned.

"It was intense", collected the director of the space agency of the United States Jim Bridenstine. "It is a unique experience, incredible."

Bridenstine also indicated that a few minutes after "landing" received a call from Vice President Mike Pence, who also celebrated on Twitter.

"Congratulations to @NASA (…) and all those who made it possible "the arrival of & # 39; Insight to Mars." great achievement ".

It is the first time since 2012 that the artifacts announced on Mars, after the vehicle NASA Curiosity was the only one currently active on the surface of the red planet.

More than half of 43 attempts to the robots, satellites or other f & # 39; Barcelona – deployed by space agencies around the world – have failed.

The US only managed to place artifacts there, invest in & # 39; these missions with a view to preparing a future incursion with & # 39; human explorers to the 2030s.

Bridenstine said during a press conference subsequent to the laboratory for that mission, which is estimated to effect "in & # 39; mid-year 2030," will be the Moon.

"We can replicate as much as & # 39; has a mission in & # 39; Mars", he said, while ensuring that the emphasis on these trips with & # 39; sustainable way, b & # 39; technology that can & # 39 ; again & # 39; is used.

"Your nation is truly committed to arrive at Mars and Moon use to achieve that," he added.

"My first photo in & # 39; #Marte"

The process & # 39; position was perfect: the activation of the parachute, the deployment of his legs and reducing the speed of 19,800 km / h to 8km / h f & # 39; seven & # 39; just minutes.

NASA made a "final touches to the algorithm to guide the spacecraft to the surface" hours before its entry into the atmosphere, where the temperature reached 1,500 ° C.

Heat shield had strengthened to tolerate the impact.

The probe traveled at & # 39; about 20,000 km / h, three to four & # 39; times faster than a bullet & # 39; rifle, to achieve rectangular area & # 39; about 10 km b & # 39; 24 km.

Having left point on Earth, 480 million kilometers & # 39; away, was "like 130,000 kilometers scored view & # 39; away," NASA said earlier.

The first photo was sent two satellites accompanied the Insight during his crossing to Mars.

"My first photo in #Marte"NASA wrote in & # 39; Insight created a Twitter account.

"The lid of my lens has not been removed, but I nurihom first look towards my new home."

The Insight is now opening its solar panels, a crucial phase that NASA will know if it has been successful in a few hours.

This probe & # 39; 993 million dollars to hear & # 39; and scrutinize the interior & # 39; Mars to try to unveil the mysteries of its formation, billions & # 39; years ago.

Knowledge can & # 39; later allow better understand the formation of the Earth, the only planet rock from which its interior really been studied.

Elizabeth Barrett, the chief of operations & # 39; JPL, said it would take two or three months to put all the instruments on the surface and another pair to start receiving data.

The goal is to build a three-dimensional map of the Earth, so that "we can understand the inside & # 39; Mars and we know the outdoors," said Bruce Banerdt, the principal investigator of the project in & # 39; JPL.

Insight is equipped with & # 39; siżmometru French concept, SIX, which will be placed directly on the Martian soil will hear & # 39; its minimum vibration: waves & # 39; shock & # 39; meteoru, world movements, crunches of & # 39; rock layers, even profound movements of magma. .

"I have received confirmation that m & # 39; there are no rocks in front of the module," said "relieved and delighted" the principal researcher of the French simometru, Philippe Lognonne.

Another remarkable instrument, a & # 39; German origin, is the HP3, to between 3 and 5 meters excavates the face & # 39; Mars to take his temperature.

The wind sensors are ship & # 39; Spanish design.


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